Ruby vs Garnet: What’s The Difference?

Ruby vs Garnet: Which one is the best gemstone for you? This blog post will discuss the differences between these two gems and help you find out which gemstone is perfect for you!


Rubies are not the rarest of gemstones, but are difficult to find. Garnets—silicate minerals in a variety of colors—are not a specific type of gemstone and are less rare than rubies. While it is hard to find green garnets, red ruby stones are found in abundance. Furthermore, it is uncommon to find a ruby gem larger than one carat. So if you do find a more sizable stone, then take care and look closely for flaws.


The cost of ruby gems varies, ranging from $100 to $15,000 per carat. In comparison, the cost for garnets ranges from $5 to $5,000 per carat.



Ruby mines exist in a variety of countries including Thailand, Brazil, Mozambique, the Republic of Macedonia and Burma. In contrast to rubies, common sources for garnet gemstones are countries such as China, Scotland, Australia and South Africa.



As you examine the stone with your fingers, two properties will become apparent: clarity and light refraction. Garnet stones are usually clear, but rubies typically have flaws or inclusions. If you are still struggling to make a decision, look for the way light reflects through the stone. When light passes through a ruby gem, the stone absorbs green and yellow wavelengths. Whereas, when a beam of light passes through garnet you’ll see a rainbow with seven colors shine through.


Yes, both ruby and garnet stones have a lovely red tone, but there's an important distinction when it comes to their color. There are a few differences between rubies and garnet gemstones. The deep red of a ruby stone is more distinguishable than the lighter, paler color of a garnet. If you were looking at a ruby, then it may seem slightly purple in color. Some people might argue that the "true" ruby has more of a bluish tint to it, while garnet is an orange or yellow shade.


Though the rocks might not look different to a novice, experts can see significant differences in their qualities. While rubies rank 9 out of 10 on the Mohs scale, which makes them durable and pretty resilient, garnet gems rank approximately 7 or 7.5 at best. The relative hardness of the two gemstones is one distinguishing factor.


Rubies undergo various kinds of treatments, such as glass filling to improve transparency and heat treatment to enhance their color. Untreated rubies - rare to find - will command high prices because they have a natural beauty that is in demand. Whereas, garnet gems are typically untreated.

In conclusion, ruby and garnet crystals represent two of the world's most prized gemstones. They're both beautiful, both rare and both highly valued in jewelry. But in the end they couldn't be more different.


Ruby cleaning and garnet cleaning are two common procedures done at retail jewelry stores & at home. While both achieve similar results (a polished gemstone), the methods are very different.

Rubies are resistant to heat, light and common chemicals and won't change color or crack under normal wearing conditions. Whereas,
fracture-filled, cavity-filled and dyed stones are easily damaged by acidic substances like lemon juice.
To eliminate dullness, clean
rubies at home by applying a mixture of mild liquid soap and warm water. Gently scrub your rubies and the jewelry mounting
a soft toothbrush. Rinse immediately with clean warm water and dry with a lint-free cloth for sparkling results.

Garnet gems are durable as long as treated with the proper care such as avoiding any sharp blows or rough daily wear. Warm soapy water is always safe for cleaning garnets. Ultrasonic cleaners are usually safe except for use on fractured stones.Steam cleaning is not recommended.




  • Ranges from dark reddish-brown to a bright red
  • Comes in different shades of pink, green, brown, black, yellow, pink, as well as colorless.


  • Ranks 9.0 on the Mohs scale
  • Ranks 7 to 7.5 on the Mohls Scale


  • Typically have inclusions
  • Usually eye-clean


  • Ranges $100 to $15,000 per carat
  • Ranges from $5 to $5,000 per carat


  • Usually heat treated
  • Typically None