How to Tell if an Emerald is Real


You've heard the old saying, "All that glitters is not gold." When it comes to gemstones, this phrase couldn't be truer.

Although emeralds are one of the most precious gemstones, they are also some of the easiest to fake. An emerald is truly a work of art, but it is very easy to replicate through imitation stones. So if you want to ensure that your emerald is genuine, follow these simple steps!


1. Look for Flaws


Flaws might be a deal-breaker for many gemstone consumers, but they are actually an important sign of authenticity. Flaws refer to the elements that enter the stone during its formation process.

Authentic emerald stones include many tiny thread-like tendrils resembling vines. Even if the surface of a stone initially seems flawless, many gemstones have minor flaws when inspected under magnification.
On the other hand, synthetic emeralds don’t have the same imperfections as a natural emerald gemstones due to their different formation. If bubbles or discs are visible within the stone, it is likely false.


2. Check the Color


Emerald gemstones come in many green shades, varying from pale and light to dark tones. However, the jewel's natural colors are pretty distinctive. Authentic emeralds sometimes display a bluish-green color, and this is perfectly normal. However, if the emerald color contains yellow or brown tones, likely, it is not a genuine emerald.


3. Check the Sparkle


A genuine emerald gem does not sparkle with fire, as do gemstones such as diamonds, moissanite, or peridot. If you hold up an emerald to a light source, it will shine but with a dull fire. There will be no rainbow flashes emitting from an emerald stone. If the stone sparkles and has intense fire, it is likely a fake.


4. Look for Wear & Tear


Authentic emerald gems have a high hardness rating of 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale, which means they can withstand exposure without wearing down quickly. If an emerald is faceted, check to see if there are any wear and tear marks on the facets. A stone's weak, worn edges signify that it may be of lower quality than an authentic emerald.


5. Check the Price


Although emeralds are a rare stone, there is a wide range of prices out there for emeralds. Because of this, an emerald may not necessarily be expensive to be real. However! If you do suspect that your emerald might be fake, make sure to compare the price with similar stones on the market. The price will tell you everything about the authenticity, so it's always best to start there!

In addition to this, synthetic emeralds are less expensive than natural emeralds but not as inexpensive as most other synthetic gems. For example, a rough estimate of small, artificial emerald prices is $75 per carat. Beware of any 'authentic' emerald stone at a similar price.


6. Check for Layers


Soudé imitation gems consist of two or three layers of various materials, with a green layer sandwiched between two colorless stones. If the stone is not mounted, you can easily see these layers by submerging them in water and viewing them from the side. It's more challenging to detect this in a mounted stone, but you may look for strange color variations in the girdle region.


7. Have it Appraised


The best way to tell if an emerald is real is to take it to a qualified gemologist or jewelry appraiser.

They will examine the stone using a variety of methods, including:

- Magnification.

A jeweler's loupe or microscope can help them see inclusions, tiny mineral crystals used to identify a stone like an emerald.

- Refraction

The way light bends as it passes through a gemstone can also help identify it.

- Ultraviolet light.

Some stones will display fluoresce or glow under ultraviolet light. This helps identify them, but not all emeralds do this.




When looking for an emerald, be sure to inspect the gemstone for any of the signs listed above. If you are unsure about the authenticity of an emerald, it is always best to have it appraised by a professional. Emeralds are beautiful and valuable stones, so it's important to be aware of fake emeralds on the market! Thanks for reading!