How to Tell if an Emerald is Real


You've heard the old saying, "All that glitters is not gold." When it comes to gemstones, this phrase couldn't be truer.

Although emeralds are one of the most precious of all gemstones, they are also some of the easiest to fake. An emerald is truly a work of art, but it is very easy to replicate through imitation stones. If you want to ensure that your emerald is real, simply follow these simple steps!


1. Look for Flaws

For many gemstone consumers, flaws might be a deal breaker but they are actually an important sign of authenticity. Flaws refer to the elements that enter into the stone during its formation process.

Authentic emerald stones tend to include many tiny thread like tendrils, resembling vines. Even if the surface of a stone initially seems flawless, many gemstones have small flaws when inspected under magnification.

On the other hand, synthetic emeralds don’t have the same imperfections as a natural emerald gemstone due to their different formation. If bubbles or discs are visible within the stone, it is likely a false one.


2. Check the Emerald Color

Emerald gemstones come in many green shades, varying from pale and light to dark tones. However, the jewel's natural colors are quite distinctive. Authentic emeralds sometimes display a bluish-green color and this is perfectly normal. However, if the emerald color contains yellow or brown tones it is likely that it is not a genuine emerald.


3. Does the Emerald Sparkle?

A genuine emerald gem does not sparkle with fire, as do gemstones such as diamonds, moissanite or peridot. If you hold up an emerald to a source of light, it will shine but with a dull fire. There will be no rainbow flashes emitting from an emerald stone. If the stone does sparkle and has intense fire, it is likely a fake.


4. Look for Wear and Tear

Authentic emerald gems have high hardness and are ranked at 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale, which means that they can withstand exposure without wearing down easily. If an emerald is faceted, check to see if there is any wear and tear marks on the facets. Weak, worn edges on the stone are a sign that it may be lower quality than an authentic emerald.


5. Prices Too Good to be True

Although emeralds are a rare stone, there is a wide range of prices for all types of gemstones. Because of this, an emerald may not necessarily be expensive in order to be real. However! If you do suspect that your emerald might be fake, make sure to compare the price with similar stones on the market. The price will tell you everything about the authenticity, so it's always best to start there!

In addition to this, synthetic emeralds are less expensive than natural emeralds, but not as inexpensive as most other synthetic gems. A rough estimate of small, synthetic emerald prices is $75 per carat. Beware of any 'authentic' emerald stone with a similar price.


6. Check For Layers

Soudé imitation gems are often made of two or three layers of various materials, with a green layer sandwiched between two colorless stones. If the stone is not mounted, you can easily see these layers by submerging it in water and viewing from the side. It's more difficult to detect this in a mounted stone, but you may look for strange color variations in the region surrounding the girdle.


7. Have the Gem Appraised

If you're purchasing a gemstone from a reputable jeweler or dealer, they'll likely have it appraised by a professional. Purchasing from an individual who doesn't have the stone evaluated is not worth your time and money. Emeralds are very valuable so if someone were to tell you that they found an emerald and ask you how much it's worth, you could tell them to contact a professional for an accurate appraisal before selling or buying the stone.

It is best to look for a jeweler or appraiser with membership in a prominent national registry, such as the American Society of Appraisers or the American Gem Society.



By following these simple steps, you can ensure that your emerald is authentic. Now that you know how to tell if an emerald is real, get ready to dazzle everyone around you with this one-of-a-kind gem!