Do you have a ruby gemstone that is REAL? How can you tell if it is fake or not? If you have a real ruby, you can easily tell by using these steps.
STEP 1: CHECK THE RUBY'S HARDNESS
A real ruby stone is a 9.0 on the Mohs scale and one of the world's hardest gemstones. In contrast, fake rubies are often made of substitutes such as glass or tourmaline and are much softer thus easily scratched.
STEP 2: INSPECT THE RUBY'S COLOR
The color of your ruby stone is one of the best things to look at first. A real ruby gemstone has a deep, rich red color. A ruby-red so vivid it looks bright, while fake rubies often appear light and dull, as if there is no substance within them.
Use the "stoplight red" as a guide, but do not expect to find a real ruby jewel that is actually that bright. If you do, then the ruby is likely phony. An authentic ruby-red gemstone is more like a bright traffic light, however, than like a dull stone.
Beware, if a gem is more of a dark red, then it is like a garnet instead of a ruby.
STEP 3: FEEL THE WEIGHT
Faux rubies are often less dense than real ones. To tell if a ruby is real, you must weigh it and compare the weight to a similar-sized natural ruby. False rubies are often lighter in weight than real ones.
STEP 4: A REAL RUBY IS RARE
The best indicator that you have a real ruby gem is its rarity. The majority of rubies on the market are synthetic and made in laboratories, so genuine stones will always be rare and valuable. If it's cheap, it's probably fake - or low-quality.
STEP 5: INSPECT THE RUBY'S CLARITY
Under good lighting, you will able to spot flaws in the surface of an authentic ruby. These are known as 'inclusions.' Natural gemstones are those that form naturally as minerals deep in the earth, thus authentic ruby stones always have flaws - sometimes a black spot, a line or an inclusion.
In addition to this, real rubies have a consistent clarity. If the stone is not the same clarity throughout, it is not a real ruby.
STEP 6: EXAMINE CUT RELATIVE TO SIZE
Most real rubies that are over ½ carat are cut into fancy shapes, such a pear or cushion shape. A round shape in a large ruby is a clear signal that it may be an imitation stone.
STEP 7: CHECK FOR CERTIFICATION
If you bought your ruby gem from a reputable dealer, they should provide documentation to prove authenticity. This is usually in the form of a certificate or appraisal document.
We hope this article has given you enough information on how to tell if a ruby jewel is real or fake. If you have any questions, please feel free to email us and we'll get back to you as soon as possible!