Fun Facts About Diamonds

Here's what you'll learn in this post:

  • Diamond Meaning
  • Diamond Properties
  • How do Diamonds Form
  • Where to Find Diamonds
  • Diamond Color
  • Diamond Rarity
  • Diamond Prices
  • Famous Diamonds
  • The History of Diamonds
  • Diamonds in Astrology
  • Diamond Symbolism

You know how diamonds are both a girl's best friend and Mother Nature's best creations? Well, it turns out they're pretty interesting geological specimens, too. Here are some fun facts about diamonds to keep in mind next time you're admiring (or wearing) one:

Diamond Meaning:

  • The word diamond derives from the Greek word "adamas," which means invincible or indestructible. This makes sense because diamonds are the hardest natural material on Earth.

Diamond Properties:

  • Polished diamonds may sparkle and shine, but they consist of pure carbon (coal, graphite, and soot)

  • Diamond minerals are the hardest natural substance known to man, and only a diamond can scratch another diamond. Diamond minerals are up to 58x harder than anything you will find in nature.

How do Diamonds Form:

  • The journey of a natural diamond begins over 100 miles below the Earth's surface. Carbon-bearing materials flow into the lower parts of the Earth's mantle under high temperatures and pressures. These conditions are right for the formation of diamonds, which grow and rise to the surface carried by volcanic eruptions.

Where to Find Diamonds:

  • Natural diamonds exist on every continent in the world (even Antarctica).

  • Even though the U.S. produces almost no diamonds for commercial consumption, America buys more than 40 percent of the world's gem-quality diamonds – making it the world's largest diamond market.

Diamond Color:

  • Not all diamonds are white. Scarce diamonds come in different shades of red, blue, pink, yellow, brown, black, orange, and green.

  • Fancy-colored diamonds are graded on a scale from "faint" to "vivid." A vivid blue diamond is worth more than 100 carats of colorless diamonds. Some of the world's most famous diamonds are colored, including the Hope Diamond (blue), the Dresden Green (green), and the Tiffany Yellow (canary yellow).

Diamond Rarity:

  • Diamond jewels over one carat in weight are one in a million.

  • Around 30 percent of diamond crystals mined worldwide are gem-quality.

  • Those with a saturated, vivid color are "fancy-color diamonds" or "fancies." On average, only one diamond gemstone in 10,000 has a color that earns the "fancy" designation. This rarity makes fancy-color diamonds extremely valuable.

Diamond Prices:

  • Diamond gemstone prices have increased annually by 2% since 2000.

  • The value of colored diamonds corresponds to their intensity, purity, and quality of their color.

  • Red diamonds are the rarest and most expensive diamonds, and their red color comes from an unusual oddity in the atomic structure.

  • Even the world's most flawed diamonds are still valuable. Heavy inclusion diamonds such as salt and pepper and icy white diamonds are less expensive than traditional diamonds – sometimes even half the price.

Famous Diamonds:

  • In 2007, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics announced the discovery of a 10 billion-trillion-trillion carat diamond in the sky called Lucy. The star is named after the Beatles song, "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds," and is fifty light-years from Earth.

  • The Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas is a dig-for-fee operation for tourists and rock hounds. Since 1906, more than 70,000 diamond crystals have been discovered at The Crater of Diamonds State Park, including the Uncle Sam diamond.

  • The Cullinan diamond is the largest rough diamond ever discovered, weighing 3,106 carats.

  • The Cullinan diamond was later reduced to nine huge diamonds and 100 smaller ones, with the three biggest of these on display in the Tower of London as part of the British crown jewels.

  • The Queen Consorts crown, belonging to the British crown jewels, features the Koh-i-Noor, one of the most famous diamonds in the world. The Koh-i-Noor now sits in the crown of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother. Cushion shaped and 105.6 carats, it's said that bad luck falls to any man who wears it, so the crown firmly belongs to the Queen Consort.

  • A lucky lady indeed, rumor has it that Queen Elizabeth owns more diamond jewels than luxury retailer Tiffany & Co.

  • The Hope Diamond is the rarest of all diamonds; it's 45.5 carats (1.54 ounces), the 6th largest diamond ever found, and valued at $350 million. So what is the most expensive diamond in the world? As you may have guessed, it's the hope diamond.

The History of Diamonds

  • The diamond is more than a billion years old, while the Earth is around 4.5 billion years old.

  • The Greeks believed diamond gemstones were the tears of the gods, and Romans thought they were shards from the stars.

  • Ancient Hindus used diamonds in the eyes of holy statues and believed that a diamond could protect its wearer from danger.

Diamonds in Astrology

  • According to ancient astrology, if your zodiac sign is Aries, Pisces, or Scorpio, you should avoid wearing diamonds since these gems can cause disharmony in your life.

  • For people born under Virgo and Libra's signs, diamonds are excellent gemstones since they bring both good luck and prosperity.

  • Other zodiac signs such as Capricorns and Aquarians can wear diamonds at certain times and conditions. According to astrological charts, it is ok for Sagittarians to wear diamonds only when Venus is on the ascendant.

Diamond Symbolism

  • Diamonds and the color white, in general, symbolize clarity; we buy diamond engagement rings signifying that our love is pure and true. White can also symbolize innocence, honesty, openness, and freshness.