Jewelry Glossary

To be a savvy jewelry shopper, you have to know the lingo. We invite you to browse our jewelry glossary to help you better understand jewelry terminology.


10-24K


10 karat: 10 karat gold is an alloy that includes 41.7% gold.
14 karat: 14 karat gold is an alloy that includes 58.3% gold.
18 karat: 18 karat gold is an alloy that includes 75% gold.
22 karat: 22 karat gold is an alloy that includes 91.6% gold.
24 karat: 24 karat gold is an alloy that includes 100% gold.

A


ABRASION: Abrasion is a bruise or scratch on the external layer of a stone.

ACCENT RINGS: Accent Rings are rings that feature small stones with a simple cut.

ACID WASHED: Acid washed is the process of using an acid to create a matte finish on glass or other materials.

ADULARESCENCE: Adularescence is an internal "floating" movement of light across a gemstone that varies as light strikes the exterior of the gem, i.e. moonstone.

A'JOUR: A'Jour is an open-style setting designed to leave pavilion facets open to light. This is a popular type of setting frequently used in halo designs to expose accent stones to more light.

ACCENT: An accent is a jewelry piece or design element that draws attention to a different focal point.

ACRYLIC: Acrylic is a man-made resin or thermoplastic used to make moulded plastic beads or applied to the outer layer of beads to give them color or a gentle sheen. 

AGATE: A semi precious gemstone, agate is a variety of quartz and oftentimes featuring bands of pigment that vary from tan to red or brown to green.

AIKO: Aiko beads are cylindrical beads manufactured by Toho in Japan that are precision made to be consistent in size and shape.

ALLOY: An alloy is a mixture of two or more metals created to enhance the strength and/or appearance of a particular metal.

ALEXANDRITE: Discovered in Russia in 1830 and named after Czar Alexander II, the alexandrite mineral has the unique ability to cast two different colors – splendid green in sunlight and glimmering red in artificial light.

ALPACA: Alpaca is also known as German silver or nickel silver is an alloy metal consisting of approx. 60% copper, 20% nickel, 20% zinc and 5% tin. 

ALTERNATIVE METALS: Alternative metals used in jewelry are slightly less rare than platinum and gold. Examples of this include palladium, titanium, stainless steel, tungsten and cobalt.

ALUMINUM: Aluminum is a silver/white metal that is lightweight and malleable.

ALUMINIUM OXIDE: Aluminium oxide is a hard abrasive, available in various grades and grain sizes, for use in jewellery making.

AMBER: Amber is the fossilized resin of prehistoric pine trees, which ranges in coloring from gorgeous orange to golden hues.

AMETHYST: A form of quartz in a great purple pigment. Amethyst is the birthstone for February and the traditional gift for the 6th and 17th wedding anniversaries.

ANCHOR LINK CHAIN: An anchor link chain is a chain that features oval links with a strip of metal down the middle of each link.

ANNEALING: Annealing is the process of reheating jewelry metal and then cooling it slowly to make it stronger and more pliable. 

ANKLE BRACELET: An Ankle bracelet is an ornaments of gold, silver or other material worn around the ankle in the same manner as a bracelet on a wrist.

ANNIVERSARY BAND: An anniversary band is a ring of three or more diamonds or gemstones, ordinarily set in a channel or prong setting. The stones partially encircle the ring.

ANTIQUE FINISH: An antique finish uses an oxidation process to enhance the details of the design. 

APATITE: Apatite is a pale green to purple mineral, found in igneous rocks and metamorphosed limestones.

APPRAISAL: Appraisal is a monetary evaluation, normally performed for insurance purposes by a certified gemologist.

ARABESQUE: Arabesque is an ornamental design consisting of intertwined flowing lines, originally discovered in Arabic or Moorish decoration.

ARCADE SETTING: An arcade setting (also called a châton setting) is one in which the stone is held in by many metal claws around a metal ring.

ARGENTIUM: Argentium is one of a new generation of silver alloys. It specifically combats the tarnish that occurs as silver oxidises when it comes into contact with air.

ARTICULATED: Articulated means having flexibility through the implementation of hinges or jump rings.

ART DECO: Art deco is a type of art characterized by angular geometric shapes, zigzags, bold tints, molded or faceted Czech glass beads, plastics (such as celluloid or Bakelite) and chrome.

ART NOUVEAU: A style of art and jewelry popular from around 1890 to 1914. Art Nouveau designs feature embellished, linear, free-flowing curves based on natural forms.

ARTICULATED: Articulated jewelry distinctive feature is hinges that allow for flexibility or other moving parts.

ASSCHER CUT: An asscher cut is a fancy diamond with the appearance of a square emerald cut. Developed in the early 1900s by Asscher, a diamond cutter from Amsterdam.

ASTERISM: Asterism is a star form achieved through the combination of internal gemstone characteristics (needle configuration) and a cabochon cut.

AQUAMARINE: An icy blue‐green mineral from the beryl family. Spectacular aquamarine is the traditional birthstone for March and the classic gemstone choice for the 19th wedding anniversary.

AUGHT: Aught is the unit of measurement for seed beads.

AVENTURINA: Aventurina is a glass paste composed of very fine copper flakes or powder, which is utilized to decorate glass beads or to simply add sparkle.

B


BACK NECKLACE: A back necklace is a long, dramatic necklace worn across the chest and back.

BAGUETTE: A baguette is a gem cut in a long rectangular frame.

BAGUETTE RING: A baguettes ring features small, usually rectangular, step-cut stones with straight or tapered edges.

BALI: Bali is a type of finding, connected to pendants or stones worn as pendants to accommodate a chain, cord or thong.

BALL CHAIN: A ball chain is a chain that features miniature metal balls which are all identical in size and contour.

BALL CLASP: A ball clasp is a round, spherical jewelry fastener.

BALLERINA RING: Ballerina ring is a cocktail or dinner ring with a large center gem surrounded by narrowing baguettes.

BANDEAU: Bandeau is narrow band, worn low, which encircles the forehead as a head ornament.

BAR DROP EARRINGS: Bar drop earrings are earrings showcasing vertical long bars that drop below the ear.

BAR SET: Bar Set is a setting technique featuring a gemstone securely suspended between two parallel bars, while the sides of the gem stay open.

BANGLE: A bangle is a rigid bracelet that slips over the hand, sometimes with a clasp.

BARREL BEADS: Barrel beads are glass, metal, plastic or wooden beads that are barrel-shaped.

BARREL CLASP: A barrel clasp features two metal pieces on either end of a necklace or bracelet screw or click together, forming a clasp that looks like a barrel.

BAROQUE BEADS: Baroque beads are irregularly shaped beads.

BAROQUE PEARL: A baroque pearl is a pearl with an irregular non-spherical frame.

BASKET SETTING: A basket setting is an open-style setting that secures a stone with prongs supporting a lace-like, basket-type arrangement.

BBASSE-TAILLE: Basse-taille is a French term meaning shallow cut.

BAUBLE: A bauble is a decorative but inexpensive piece of jewelry.

BEAD CHAIN: A bead chain is a metal chain that looks like small bits of conjoined beads, rather than open links. The beads are solid or hollow to reduce weight.

BEAD SETTING: Bead setting is a term for setting a stone directly into metal using gravers, also called burins, which are essentially tiny chisels.

BELCHER CHAIN: A Belcher chain features uniform round or oval links made from low dome or flat wire.

BEVELED: A term used to describe jewelry surfaces cut at a sloping edge with an angle of less than 90 degrees. Beveled edges are frequently seen around the edges of watch bezels.

BEZEL SETTING: A bezel setting features a vertical rim of metal snuggly surrounding a gemstone to firmly hold it in place.

BIB NECKLACE: A bib necklace is a statement piece necklace that drapes over the chest.

BIKE LINK CHAIN: A kind of chain style resembling a bicycle chain featuring metal links connected with a bar.

BIJOUTERIE: Bijouterie is the art of working in gold and enamel.

BIWA PEARLS: Cultured pearls from Lake Biwa in Shiga Province, Japan are Biwa pearls.

BLACK CHROME: Black chrome is a black chromium finish applied to gold by an electroplating process.

BLACK NICKEL: Black nickel is a bright or matte, dark plating process to highlight antique finishes.

BLEMISH: A blemish is a flaw in a diamond.

BLING: Bling is slang for jewelry that is sparkly.

BLISTER PEARL: A blister pearl is a pearl attached to the inside of a mollusk shell.

BLUE SAPPHIRE: Blue sapphire is the most popular shade of corundum. Sapphires are also available in many other colors including great purple, pink, orange, yellow and white hues.

BLUE TOPAZ: Spectacular blue topaz is a gemstone that is light brown or colorless when mined, which turns a vivid and lovely blue when exposed to heat.

BOLO BRACELET: A bolo bracelet features an adjustable chain or cord where the two loose ends tighten in place with a sliding clasp.

BOOK CHAIN: A book chain is a Victorian style of chain in solid gold or sterling silver, where each link is a rectangular folded piece of metal resembling a book.

BOLT RING: A bolt ring is a finding that is entirely or partly hollow, drawn back on an internal spring and used as a connector for rings.

BOUTON PEARL: A bouton pearl is a blister pearl removed from the shell, thus having a flat side.

BOX CHAIN: A box chain is a classic chain with miniature box-like links.

BOX CLASP: A box clasp features a piece of folded metal on one end of a chain that fits into the opening of a box on the opposite end, firmly fastening both ends together.

BRASS: An alloy composed of various proportions of brass and zinc. A common formula is 65% copper, 35% zinc.

BRELOQUE: Breloque is an item that is small and clinging from a chain on a bracelet or a necklace, such as a charm.

BRIDGE JEWELRY: Bridge jewelry is less fine than precious jewelry, but more than costume jewelry.

BRIGHTNESS: Brightness or brilliance, is the effect of a gemstone's internal and external reflections of light.

BRIGHT POLISH: A bright polish is a jewelry metal finish that's smooth, shiny and mirror‐like.

BRILLIANCE: Brilliance is the brightly nature of a stone, which relates to the surface shine and the internal reflection of light from the back facets.

BRIOLETTE GEMSTONES: Briolette gemstones are faceted, teardrop-shaped stones.

BRITANNIA: Britannia also known as pewter, is somewhat of a drab silver-colored alloy. It's a malleable metal alloy, traditionally 85–99% tin with the rest consisting of copper, antimony, bismuth and sometimes lead.

BRITTLENESS: Brittleness is the tendency for a metal to crack or break with deformation.

BRONZE: Bronze is a yellowish‐brown alloy of copper and iron with up to one‐third tin.

BUNCH RINGS: Bunch rings are also called stackable rings. They are generally sold in bunches and worn together.

BURNISHER: Burnisher is a tool with a curved tip with hardwood handle and metal ferrules for a long life is oval-shaped for smoothing metals or bezel settings around stones.

BRUSHED FINISH: In a brushed finish, a firm metal brush creates mini grooves in the exterior of the metal to add texture. This slightly reduces a metal's reflection and creates a wispy, feathery look.

BUTTERCUP SETTING: A jewelry setting that looks much like a buttercup flower. In a buttercup setting, tall prongs secure the stone and the base flares out in a scalloped design.

BUTTON EARRINGS: Button earrings lie flat on the ear with no dangling parts. They have a disk‐like or slightly arched appearance.

BUTTON PEARL: A button pearl is a flattened pearls, which makes it resemble a button or perhaps a disk.

BYPASS RING: A bypass ring coils around the finger with the ends of the band crossing or passing each other on top.

BYZANTINE CHAIN: A Byzantine chain is a type of chain consisting of oval links with a rope-like textured appearance.

C


CABLE CHAIN: A cable chain is a series of metal ovals that are strung together in a rotating pattern.

CABOCHIN CUT: A cabochon cut is a common cut for gemstones that features a smooth, rounded surface not faceted.

CALIBRE CUT: Calibre cut means a series of small stones faceted and cut into squares, rectangles or oblongs and set close together.

CALIBRATED: Calibrated refers to a gemstone's cut which corresponds to common size in order to fit the majority of jewelry mountings.

CALIPER OR CALLIPERS: CALIPER or CALLIPER is a tool or instrument utilized to precisely measure the dimension of pint-sized objects such as stones. 

CAMEO: A stone, oftentimes composed of two different colored layers carved so that a raised image in one color stands on a background of the other color. Cameos are principally cut from a variety of agate. Shells are another common material.

CANARY DIAMOND: A canary diamond is a fancy diamond with a strong, marvelous yellow color.

CARAT TOTAL WEIGHT: Carat Total Weight is the accumulation of weight value of all stones in a setting.

CARIBINER CLASP: A caribiner clasp is a popular clasp that is also known as a ‘lobster clasp’ because of its lobster claw shape.

CARNELIAN: A carnelian is a type of chalcedony (quartz) that is commonly translucent red or reddish-brown in color.

CARTILAGE HOOPS: Cartilage hoops or “clickers” are a small hoop style earring designed for healed piercings and come in a range of colors and styles and designs.

CARTOUCHE: Cartouche is a embellished piece or engraving with a symmetrical ornate contour.

CAT'S EYE GEM: Cat's eye gem is a chatoyant variety of chrysoberyl that reflects a streak of light when cut in a rounded or unfaceted (cabochon) shape.

CATHEDRAL SETTING: A cathedral setting  features Cathedral-like arches rise above the band on either side of the stone. 

CENTER STONE: A center stone is centrally located and normally the largest stone in a jewelry setting with multiple stones.

CHAIN EXTENDER: Chain extender is a short length of chain, beaded chain or other necklace material with a connector on one end and a loop on the other employed to lengthen a necklace.

CHAIN TAGS: Chain tags are tags used at the end of a chain to attach a lobster, spring or trigger clasp.

CHALCEDONY: Chalcedony is a translucent variety of quartz that comes in a variety of colors, the most popular being bluish‐grey.

CHAMPAGNE DIAMOND: A Champagne diamond refers to brown diamonds with a secondary tone of yellow that resemble the color of champagne.

CHAMPLEVÉ: Champlevé is a type of enameling in which enamel fuses into recessed sections of metal.

CHANDELIER EARRINGS: Chandelier Earrings are a style of long, dangle earrings that feature tiers of gemstones.

CHANNEL SETTING: A channel setting is a type of setting in which subtle diamonds (or other gemstones) are set inside a specially cut channel.

CHASING: Chasing is a technique of using short steel punches to decorate and refine metal. Routinely used in conjunction with repoussé.

CHATON: Chaton is a jewelry setting where the stone is held in place by metal claws.

CHATOYANCE: Chatoyance is a word often used to describe the effect of light shifting across a stone. 

CHEVRON PRONG: A chevron prong in the shape of a V mostly found on gemstone shapes with sharp corners.

CHIP: Chip is a common term for a pint-sized, single cut diamond.

CHIP BEADS: Chip beads are gemstone chips that vary in size and silhouette.

CHOKER: A choker is a short necklace usually 14″.

CONCH PEARL: Conch pearl is a unusual type of salt water pearl grown in a conch rather than an oyster. 

CHRYSOPRASE: Chrysoprase is a type of chalcedony (quartz) in an alluring green hue.

CIGAR RINGS: The name speaks for itself: Cigar rings resemble the paper band on a cigar.

CITRINE: Citrine is a golden‐yellow variety of quartz. It is also the traditional birthstone for those born in November.

CLAMP: Clamp is also called a cramp, it is the metal prong on a setting.

CLARITY: Clarity is the measure of the clearness or absence of impurities in a gemstone.

CLICKERS: Clickers or “cartilage hoops” are a small hoop style earring designed for healed piercings, and come in a range of colors and styles and designs.

CROWN: The Crown on a ring is the top portion displaying most of the design elements.

CLOISONNÉ ENAMEL: Cloisonné enamel is a system of applying enamel to metal in which the design is first outlined on the metal surface using a metal wire. The space between the wires and filled with enamel and then fired to a glassy sheen.

COLD CONNECTIONS: Cold connections is a term that pertains to mechanical methods of joining parts together. Examples of cold connections are rivets, tabs, screws and clips.

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN: Computer Aided Design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to assist in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.

COWRY or COWRIE SHELLS: Cowry or cowrie shells are small-scale rounded shells with a creamy porcelain like quality.

CLOSED SETTING: In a closed Setting, the back of the stone is not visible, meaning the metal is not cut away behind the stone.

CLUSTER EARRINGS: Cluster earrings are much the same to stud earrings in the way they fasten to your ear; they differ on the exterior side in that they feature a number of precious stones in a single enchanting composition.

CLUSTER SETTING: In a cluster setting, a multitude of stones group together for a unique design or to look like one large stone.

COCKTAIL RINGS: Cocktail Rings are large, dramatic gemstone rings intended for cocktail or dinner parties.

COIN BEADS: Coin beads are a flat circular bead. Coin beads are either flat coins or puffed coins if they have mildly rounded surfaces.

COLORLESS: A diamond with no traces of body color is colorless.

CONTEMPORARY DESIGNS: Contemporary designs are up-to-date designs incorporating current trends.

COPPER: Copper is a soft, corrosion resistant metal employed in producing bronze, brass and gold alloys.

CORAL: A form of calcium carbonate, secreted in long chains by coral polyps who live in colonies under the ocean.

CORONET SETTING: A coronet setting (also called châton or arcade setting) is one in which the stone is held in by many metal claws around a metal ring.

CREOLE EARRINGS: Creole earrings are hoop earrings, broader at the bottom than at the top, popular in the 1850s.

CROISSANT RING: A Croissant Ring is a twisted ring style resembling a croissant.

CROSSOVER RING: A crossover ring coils around the finger with the ends of the band crossing or passing each other on top.

CUFF: A cuff is a wide oval‐shaped bracelet. It may have a hinge and clasp or it may encircle about 3/4 of the wrist with open ends that allow it to be easily slipped on and off.

CUFF EARRINGS: Cuff Earrings are cuffs that secure themselves to the edge of the ear.

CULTURED PEARL: A cultured pearl is a pearl that forms from a mussel farmer or oyster farmer, under controlled conditions.

CULET: Culet is the smallest facet at a gemstone's base. The cutting of a culet alleviates a major pressure point on a faceted gemstone, particularly a diamond.

CURB LINK CHAIN: A curbed link chain is a chain with a series of oval links that interweave to form a long metal chain.

CUSHION CUT STONE: A cushion cut stone is a four-sided stone that has smooth, rounded edges.

CUSHION RING: A cushion ring features a square cut with rounded corners, much like a pillow (hence the name cushion).

D


DANGLE EARRING: A dangle earring is an earring that extends below the earlobe and swings to and fro.

DANGLE RING: A dangle ring is a ring that features a dangling gemstone or metal chains that swings off of the main band.

DARK METALS OR BLACK METALS: Dark metals or Black Metals are a group of metals with an edgy, shadowy look like black rhodium-plated gold or blackened gold, blackened silver, blackened titanium, etc.

DEMI-HOOP EARRINGS: Demi-hoop earrings or 'half-hoop' earrings are hoops that feature a semi-circle design.

DEMI-PARURE: Demi-parure is a partial set of jewelry.

DIAMETER: In reference to a gemstone, diameter is the overall width.

DIAMOND CLARITY: One of the 4Cs that measures the amount/ absence of inclusions in and blemishes on a diamond. Diamond clarity ranges from the impressive flawless to included/ imperfect categories.

DIAMOND COLOR: Diamond color is one of the 4Cs that measures the amount of body color (tint) in a diamond on a scale from colorless to yellow/brown or gray.

DIAMOND CUT: One of the 4Cs that determines how light travels through a stone. A diamond cut refers to the proportions of a stone, facet angles, finish and shape.

DIAMOND-CUT FINISH: A diamond-cut finish entails cutting the metal with a diamond, giving it a glittering and sparkling look.

DIAMOND FLUORESCENCE: Fluorescence refers to a diamond's tendency to emit a soft colorful glow when subjected to ultraviolet light (such as a "black light"). 

DIAMOND MINES: The purpose of the mines is the extraction of valuable diamonds from the earth. Diamond mines are plant operations built to extract diamond crystal from either underground or from the surface.

DIAMOND TOTAL WEIGHT: Diamond total weight is the sum of the carat weights for all diamonds in a piece of jewelry.

DOMED: Domed is a gemstone shape in which the stone has a rounded top, resembling half of a sphere.

DOME RING: A dome ring is an all-metal ring with a chunky band and a dome design

DOOR KNOCKER EARRINGS: Door knocker earrings are a style of hinged-bottomed earrings designed to linger below the earlobe.

DOUBLET: A doublet is an assembled gem made with two main components.

DOUBLE PRONG: Double prong is a jewelry setting in which each prong contains another prong alongside it.

DROP: Drop is an earring style that showcases a focal point which drops beneath the earlobe, often attached by a simple or adorned chain.

DROP EARRINGS: Drop Earrings are earrings that extend below the earlobe and are stationary.

DRUSY: Drusy is the name given to a thin layer of little quartz crystals that have formed across the outside of a gemstone.

DULL FINISH: A dull finish is a finish that does not have a brightly surface and looks like an older, worn piece.

DURABILITY: Durability is resistance to damage of all kinds. Overall durability depends on a stone or metal's hardness, toughness and stability

E


EARRING BACK: Earring back is a disc or bead with a hole, through which an earring post threads through for the purpose of securing the earring to the earlobe.

EAR CHARMS: Ear charms are small, lightweight charms designed to hang from hoop earrings. 

EARRING CLIMBERS: The quirk of earring climbers is their long silhouette, which makes it look like the earring is climbing up the earlobe, customarily no higher than the halfway up the ear.

CLIP-ON EARRING or EAR CLIPS: Clip-On Earrings or Ear Clip is a two piece hinged mechanism connected to the back of an earring which closes around the ear lobe with just enough mechanical pressure to hold the earring in place.

EAR CRAWLER or CRAWLER EARRINGS: Ear crawler or a crawler earrings begins at the bottom of the earlobe, much like any other earring, but then they crawl up the ear, forming a gorgeous statement.

EAR JACKETS: The ear jacket is a stud whose main decorative element is worn on the back of the ear, the same side as the fastening.

EARLOBE DROOP: Earlobe Droop occurs when heavy earrings tip forward until they’re facing downward.

EAR WIRE: Ear wire is a thin piece of wire, most commonly the fish-hook which has a ball and coil, used to support ear jewelry. 

ECO-FRIENDLY: Eco-friendly jewelry is jewelry whose sourcing or creation is not harmful to the environment.

ELECTROPLATING: Electroplating is a process of plating metal using electric currents. The electroplating  process is the most commonly used method for metal plating as it enables control of the thickness of the plating.

ELECTROSTRIPPING: Electrostripping is the process of using an electric current to remove metals selectively.

ETERNITY RING OR BAND: Sometimes called an anniversary band, an eternity ring or band is a narrow band standardly of gold or platinum with a set of stones (diamonds or colored jewels) encircling the band (or almost nearly).

EMBOSSED: Embossed is a moulded or carved pattern which stands proud of the surface in low relief.

ENAMEL: Enamel results from mixing colored powdered glass to metal to produce a vitreous or glass - like, decorative surface.

ENAMEL FINISH: An enamel finish is a smooth, durable material made of melted and fused glass powder used to coat jewelry.

ENGRAVING: An engraving is a decorative technique with the application of a design or pattern on the outside of metal or stone by removing surface material.

ETCHING: Etching is the process of removing material with an acid. In metalsmithing, this ordinarily pertains to a process of selectively removing metal from a surface to create pattern or image.

EUROPEAN CUT: European Cut is a diamond cutting procedure popular from 1890 to the 1930s. The European cut has a round girdle made possible by the introduction of the power bruiting machine. 

EXTENDER: An extender is an extra length of chain, ordinarily about 2.0‐inches in length, used to lengthen anklets, bracelets and necklaces.

EYE-CLEAN: Eye-clean is a term used to describe gemstones containing flaws that cannot be seen with the naked eye and without a 10x loupe.

EYEPIN: Eyepin is a wire finding with a loop at one end. used for linking beads or beaded links together.

F


FACETED GEMS: Faceted gems are a type of gemstone cut where the stones have a flat top, polished faces called facets across it and a pointed bottom.

FANCY CUT, FANCY SHAPE: A fancy cut or fancy shape is any stone silhouette other than a round brilliant cut.

FAUX: Faux is a French word for "false".

FERRONNIERE: Ferronniere is a narrow band with a center jewel, which encircles the forehead.

FIGARO LINK CHAIN: A Figaro link chain features distinct rhythmic pattern of three (or five) equally sized links separated by one longer link.

FILIGREE: Filigree is a technique used to create intricate motif in metal. Recurrently used for metal beads, clasps and bead caps.

FINDINGS: Findings are all types of fasteners and construction elements used in jewelry making.

FINE SLVER: It is silver which is very close to being pure. The technical definition of pure silver is that it has a silver content of 99.9%. Although fine silver tarnishes less than sterling silver, it has limited uses in jewelry making due to being very soft and bendable.

FISHHOOK JEWELRY CLASP: A fishhook jewelry clasp is a delicate fastener that involves a hook inserted into an oval encasing. 

FLAT BAND: A flat band features squared edges not domed on top.

FLAWLESS: The impressive and highest grading on the clarity scale. A flawless diamond has no inclusions or blemishes visible under 10x magnification.

FLAT LINK CHAIN: A flat link chain features an open chain link that lays flat against the skin.

FLORAL: Floral is a general term for jewelry design elements which depict flowers, leaves, vines, or plant-like figures.

FLORENTINE: Florentine jewelry is from or takes strong inspiration from Florence, Italy.

FLORENTINE FINISH: A florentine finish is the texture on a metal's surface featuring micro lines engraved in a crosshatch motif.

FLUORESCENCE: Fluorescence is the glow some gems emit underneath ultraviolet light.

FLUSH SETTING: In a flush setting, the stone is set into a drilled hole in the band, so the diamond sits “flush” with the band of the ring.

FOILING: Foiling is a technique whereby a thin sheet of metal's placement around the base of a gemstone enhances the stone's tinge.

FORGING: Forging is an ancient technique of shaping metal by hammering.

FOXTAIL CHAIN: A foxtail chain features interweaving bent circles of metal together in a continuous pattern.

FOUR Cs: The four cs - cut, color, clarity and carat weight - that classify each diamond.

FRENCH CUT: French cut is a square or rectangular, multifaceted stone cut.

FRENCH WIRE EARRING BACK: A French wire earring back's outline resembles a hook with the 'hook' part going through the pierced portion of the ear

FRESHWATER CULTURED PEARL: A freshwater cultured pearl is a pearl cultivated with intentional human intervention in freshwater ponds, lakes and rivers, as opposed to saltwater environments.

FRICTION BACK: A friction back is a small metal back pushed upon the earring's post through a hole, preventing it from slipping off.

FRONT-BACK EARRINGS: Front-back earrings are sometimes called Ear Jackets. It is a style where you can see a design in front of your ear as well as a back piece that falls below your ear to frame the bottom of your ear lobe.

G


GALLERY: The gallery is the undercarriage of a ring mounting.

GARNET: Garnet is the reddish‐brown birthstone for January. Less common varieties are found in all colors except blue. Garnet is also the traditional gift for the 18th wedding anniversary.

GAUGE: Gauge is the American unit of measurement for the thickness of wire.

GEMOLOGIST: A gemologist is a gemstone specialist trained in gemstone identification, grading and appraising

GEMOLOGY: Gemology is the science and study of gemstones.

GEMSTONE EMERALD-CUT: Gemstone emerald-cut is a type of cut in which the stone is rectangular or square with beveled corners and a step cut.

GEMSTONE FACET CUT: Gemstone facet cut is the process of having facets cut into a gemstone in order to improve their appearance by allowing them to reflect light.

GEMSTONE ROSE CUT: The gemstone rose cut is circular like its namesake flower, with a flat top and an arched crown with either 12 or 24 facets.

GEMSTONE STEP CUT: A gemstone step cut consist of rectangular facets that ascend the crown and descend the pavilion of a stone in steps.

GERMAN SILVER: German silver is also known as nickel silver. It is an alloy consisting of approx 60% copper, 20% nickel, 20% zinc.

GILDING: Gilding is a decorative technique for applying a very thin coating of gold to solid surfaces such as metal.

GIMMEL RINGS: Gimmel rings are two or more linked hoops that fit together to appear as a single hoop or ring.

GIRANDOLE: Girandole is a pendant earring usually with three ornaments hanging from a central piece.

GIRDLE: A girdle is the horizontal midsection and widest part of a diamond.

GOLD: Gold is a yellow precious metal.

GOLD FILLED : Gold Filled is a process where heat and pressure combine to join a layer of gold to a base metal.

GOLD MINE: A gold mine is a mine yielding gold.

GOLD PLATE : A gold plate is a layer of gold plating of less than 1/20th of the total weight.

GOLD WASH: A gold wash is a very thin coating of gold over base metal.

GREEN AMETHYST: Green amethyst is a form of green quartz, produced by heat treating an amethyst or yellow quartz. It is also called prasolite.

GREEN DIAMOND: A green diamond is a fancy colored diamond known for its splendid green hue.

GREEN GOLD: Green gold is gold that contains a high proportion of silver, causing an alluring greenish hue.

GREY GOLD: Grey gold is gold that contains a high proportion of iron.

GUILLOCHE: This technique differs in that the designs are machine-turned and etched, and then enameled … this is a much faster process. Guilloche pattern consists of interlacing curved lines.

G


GALLERY: The gallery is the undercarriage of a ring mounting.

GARNET: Garnet is the reddish‐brown birthstone for January. Less common varieties are found in all colors except blue. Garnet is also the traditional gift for the 18th wedding anniversary.

GAUGE: Gauge is the American unit of measurement for the thickness of wire.

GEMOLOGIST: A gemologist is a gemstone specialist trained in gemstone identification, grading and appraising

GEMOLOGY: Gemology is the science and study of gemstones.

GEMSTONE EMERALD-CUT: Gemstone emerald-cut is a type of cut in which the stone is rectangular or square with beveled corners and a step cut.

GEMSTONE FACET CUT: Gemstone facet cut is the process of having facets cut into a gemstone in order to improve their appearance by allowing them to reflect light.

GEMSTONE ROSE CUT: The gemstone rose cut is circular like its namesake flower, with a flat top and an arched crown with either 12 or 24 facets.

GEMSTONE STEP CUT: A gemstone step cut consist of rectangular facets that ascend the crown and descend the pavilion of a stone in steps.

GERMAN SILVER: German silver is also known as nickel silver. It is an alloy consisting of approx 60% copper, 20% nickel, 20% zinc.

GILDING: Gilding is a decorative technique for applying a very thin coating of gold to solid surfaces such as metal.

GIMMEL RINGS: Gimmel rings are two or more linked hoops that fit together to appear as a single hoop or ring.

GIRANDOLE: Girandole is a pendant earring usually with three ornaments hanging from a central piece.

GIRDLE: A girdle is the horizontal midsection and widest part of a diamond.

GOLD: Gold is a yellow precious metal.

GOLD FILLED : Gold Filled is a process where heat and pressure combine to join a layer of gold to a base metal.

GOLD MINE: A gold mine is a mine yielding gol

GOLD PLATE : A gold plate is a layer of gold of less than 1/20th of the total weight.

GOLD WASH: A gold wash is a very thin coating of gold over base metal.

GREEN AMETHYST: Green amethyst is a form of green quartz, produced by heat treating an amethyst or yellow quartz. It is also called prasolite.

GREEN DIAMOND: A green diamond is a fancy colored diamond known for its splendid green hue.

GREEN GOLD: Green gold is gold that contains a high proportion of silver, causing an alluring greenish hue.

GREY GOLD: Grey gold is gold that contains a high proportion of iron.

GUILLOCHE: This technique differs in that the designs are machine-turned and etched, and then enameled … this is a much faster process. Guilloche pattern consists of interlacing curved lines.

G


GALLERY: The gallery is the undercarriage of a ring mounting.

GARNET: Garnet is the reddish‐brown birthstone for January. Less common varieties are found in all colors except blue. Garnet is also the traditional gift for the 18th wedding anniversary.

GAUGE: Gauge is the American unit of measurement for the thickness of wire.

GEMOLOGIST: A gemologist is a gemstone specialist trained in gemstone identification, grading and appraising

GEMOLOGY: Gemology is the science and study of gemstones.

GEMSTONE EMERALD-CUT: Gemstone emerald-cut is a type of cut in which the stone is rectangular or square with beveled corners and a step cut.

GEMSTONE FACET CUT: Gemstone facet cut is the process of having facets cut into a gemstone in order to improve their appearance by allowing them to reflect light.

GEMSTONE ROSE CUT: The gemstone rose cut is circular like its namesake flower, with a flat top and an arched crown with either 12 or 24 facets.

GEMSTONE STEP CUT: A gemstone step cut consist of rectangular facets that ascend the crown and descend the pavilion of a stone in steps.

GERMAN SILVER: German silver is also known as nickel silver. It is an alloy consisting of approx 60% copper, 20% nickel, 20% zinc.

GILDING: Gilding is a decorative technique for applying a very thin coating of gold to solid surfaces such as metal.

GIMMEL RINGS: Gimmel rings are two or more linked hoops that fit together to appear as a single hoop or ring.

GIRANDOLE: Girandole is a pendant earring usually with three ornaments hanging from a central piece.

GIRDLE: A girdle is the horizontal midsection and widest part of a diamond.

GOLD: Gold is a yellow precious metal.

GOLD FILLED : Gold Filled is a process where heat and pressure combine to join a layer of gold to a base metal.

GOLD MINE: A gold mine is a mine yielding gol

GOLD PLATE : A gold plate is a layer of gold of less than 1/20th of the total weight.

GOLD WASH: A gold wash is a very thin coating of gold over base metal.

GREEN AMETHYST: Green amethyst is a form of green quartz, produced by heat treating an amethyst or yellow quartz. It is also called prasolite.

GREEN DIAMOND: A green diamond is a fancy colored diamond known for its splendid green hue.

GREEN GOLD: Green gold is gold that contains a high proportion of silver, causing an alluring greenish hue.

GREY GOLD: Grey gold is gold that contains a high proportion of iron.

GUILLOCHE: This technique differs in that the designs are machine-turned and etched, and then enameled … this is a much faster process. Guilloche pattern consists of interlacing curved lines.

H


HALF-BEZEL SETTING: In a half-bezel setting, metal wraps around either side of the stone's girdle, rather than around the entire stone.

HALF-CHANNEL SETTING: In a half-channel setting, either side of a stone borders with a strip of metal.

HALF DRILLED BEAD: A half drilled bead is a polished gemstone that has a hole drilled half of the way through it. 

HALF DRILLED PEARL SETTING: A half drilled pearl setting is a pearl that is drilled to a centre point.

HALF MOON: A type of gemstone shape where a gem has a straight edge on one side and a curved, crescent arc on the other.

HALLMARK: A hallmark is an official mark or series of stamp marks on items made of metal, mostly to certify the content of noble metals—such as platinum, gold, silver and in some nations, palladium.

HALO SETTING: Halo settings is a stone setting that enhances the center stone by encircling it with numerous petite gemstones.

HAMMER FINISH: A hammer finish is a decorative metal finish with minor indentations or dimples covering the surface.

HARDNESS: The ability of a stone or mineral to resist scratching. Hardness of a stone ranges from 1-10.

HEAD: The head is the main part of a stone setting, including the "basket" and prongs, which holds the diamond in place.

HEARTS AND ARROWS: Hearts and Arrows is a precision-cut that enhances the natural brilliance of diamonds. When observed through the top, or crown, of the diamond, the viewer can see eight arrow-shaped cuts. Through the bottom, or pavilion, one can see eight heart-shaped cuts.

HEART-SHAPED CUT: Stones cut in the outline of a heart. Heart-shaped cut diamonds are a variation of the round brilliant-cut.

HEAVY GOLD: Heavy gold is, as defined by the Federal Trade Commission, a deposit of 100 or more mils of gold.

HEISHE or HEISHI BEADS: Heishe or heishi beads are miniature tube or disc shaped beads cut from shells, wood, or ground and polished stones. 

HERMATITE: Hematite is a dark steel colored mineral. It is the mineral form of a type of iron oxide.

HERRINGBONE CHAIN NECKLACE: A herringbone chain  necklace is a flexible chain that lies flat around the neck.

HIGH-POLISH FINISH: A high-polish finish is a shiny, reflective surface on metal.

HINGED BACK: The hinged back is very popular in hoop earrings. This back style features a hinged piece of metal that goes through the ear and snaps into a latch on the opposite side of the earring.

HOOK JEWELRY CLASP: A hook jewelry clasp uses an easy hook-on, hook-off motion. A curved piece at the bottom of the hook catches onto a loop or circle to hold it in place.

HYPOALLERGENIC METAL: A hypoallergenic metal, like platinum or titanium, are the least likely to cause symptoms of an allergic reaction when worn. 

I


ICE: Ice is slang for jewelry that is sparkly.

IDEAL CUT: An ideal cut diamond has the best combination of angles that allow light to enter the diamond and be reflected back to create the best brilliance.

IDENTITY BRACELET: An identity bracelet is a bracelet or wristband bearing a person's name or other identifying details.

ID NECKLACE: An id necklace is a necklace bearing a person's name or other identifying details.

INCISED: Incised is a jewelry piece, consistently metal or glass, that has had its surface engraved or cut.

INCLUSION: An inclusion is a flaw in a diamond.

INTAGLIO: Intaglio is design carved down into a gemstone. Intaglio is a method of decoration in which a design carves itself into the surface of a gem. Signet rings are continually adorned with intaglio, as are seals.

INTERTWINED: Intertwined is a pair or group of bands that overlap each other.

INVISIBLE SETTING: An invisible setting is when a multitude of stones are mounted together by metal underneath the stones. The metal cannot be seen from above, leading to stones that appear as if they have no setting at all.

INLAID SETTING: In an inlaid setting, the cut metal setting makes way for a placed stone.

IRIDESCENCE: Iridescence is the rainbow‐like colors that sometimes appears when light reflects and refracts through structural layers.

IRIDUM: Iridium is a metal and member of the platinum family, it is recurrently alloyed with platinum to improve workability,

IRRADIATED DIAMONDS: Irradiated diamonds are genuine diamonds that show an intense color change such as blue, pink, green, etc., after being exposed to a strong radiation treatment.

J



JADE: Jade is the common name for two mineral species – jadeite and nephrite ‐ traditionally used as carving materials because of their great toughness.

JASPER: Jasper is an opaque, impure, polycrystalline variety of Quartz.

JAPANNED: Japanned is a metal treated with a superb black finish.

JARDIN: Jardin is a French term meaning a garden that applies to inclusion clusters within an emerald.

JEWELRY APPRAISAL: Jewelry Appraisal is an appraisal via an issued document that details an item, assesses its relative quality and assigns a value to it

JEWELRY BASE METAL: A jewelry base metal is a common metal that is not considered precious, such as copper, tin or zinc.

JEWELRY POUCH: Jewelry pouch is a small pouch for carrying or storing gems or jewelry.

J-HOOP: A J-Hoop is a type of earring that looks much like the letter "J" and partly loops the earlobe.

JOAILLERIE: Joaillerie is a French term for the type of jewelry composed of mainly of gemstones.

JOURNEY NECKLACE: A journey necklace is a ladder or S‐curve design featuring diamonds or gemstones that graduate in size from petite to largest.

JUMP RING: A jump ring is a wire ring of any size, regularly round or oval in shape, used for attaching parts of jewelry.

K


KARAT: Karat is the standard measurement of gold. Pure gold is 24 Karats.

KIDNEY WIRE: Kidney wire is a metal earring finding shaped like a kidney.

L


LACQUER: Lacquer is a paint, clear or colored, applied to jewelry.

LADDER CHAINS: Ladder chains are chains that are machine-made by assembling wire links in a hook and eye configuration instead of standard interlinking.

LANYARD: Lanyard is a cord that passes around the neck, shoulder or wrist for eyeglasses, a face mask or similar object.

LARIAT: A lariat is an open‐ended necklace held together by an ornate clasp in front.

LARIMAR: Larimar is a lovely blue stone that resembles the magnificent blue colors of the Caribbean sea.

LAPIS LAZULI: Lapis lazuli is a charming blue opaque gemstone sometimes with white mottlings or brassy-colored inclusions.

LAVALIER: Lavalier is a pendant with a dangling jewel that hangs from a necklace.

LAX DIAMOND: A lax diamond is a dull, fireless diamond.

LEVERBACK: Levelback is a spring-loaded closure on the back of some earrings. When in the closed position, it secures the earring to the earlobe.

LIMOGES ENAMEL: Limoges enamel is a colorful application of enamel which depicts a portrait or scene like that rendered on canvas.

LINE: Line is a very thin kind of bracelet that can have gemstones or diamonds.

LOBSTER JEWELRY CLASP: Named for its resemblance to a lobster claw, a lobster jewelry clasp has a hook with a spring-powered arm that is opened and closed. 

LOBSTER CLAW JEWELRY CLASP: Named for its likeness to a lobster claw, a lobster claw jewelry clasp has a hook with a spring-powered arm that is opened and closed. 

LOCKET: Locket is a small hinged pendant that opens to reveal a space for the wearer to keep an image or other memento inside.

LOCKRING: Lockring is a way of securing jewelry components together much the same as a jump ring.

LOLITE: Lolite is a transparent gem which presents a charming blue to violet color when looked at in a certain direction.

LOOSE DIAMOND: A loose diamond is a loose stone sold independently from its settings.

LOUPE: A loupe is a magnification tool implemented by jewelers to analyze gemstones and other jewelry materials.

LOW-PROFILE: Low-profile refers to a ring that has a low-set center stone.

LUCITE: Lucite is a sheer thermoplastic continually used in sheet form as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to glass.

LUSTER: Luster indicates the sharpness of light reflections from a pearl. This is one of the pearl value factors, and it is a critical component of every pearl's beauty.

M


MAGNETIC JEWELRY CLASP: A magnetic jewelry clasp is a strong magnetic piece embedded in the clasp to very easily and securely hold a piece of jewelry secure and closed. 

MALA: Mala is a string or loop of usually 108 beads used for praying and meditation.

MATTE FINISH: A matte finish is one that is grainy and non‐reflective.

MATINEE LENGTH: Matinee length is a necklace length which is mildly longer than standard. It is regularly 55-65cm (21.5-25.5”) long and for many women it will sit at the top of the cleavage.

MABE PEARLS:  Mabe pearls are large, hemispherical cultured pearls that grow connected to the inside shells of oysters and has one flattened side.

MALLEABILITY: Malleability is the ability of metal to bent and form.

MARINER LINK CHAIN: A mariner link chain is a chain that features a series of oval links with a strip of metal down the middle of each link.

MARQUISE: Marquise is a type of cut in which an elongated stone features pointed ends.

MEDALLION: A Medallion is a round or oval disk generally cast or stamped with a head or figures. 

MELANGE: Melange is a term for mixed diamond sizes, weighing more than 1 carat.

MELEE STONE: Melee Stone is traditionally used in reference to subtle diamonds weighing under 0.2 carats, but is often used to describe any type of minuscule accent gemstone.

MEXICAN DIAMOND: Mexican diamond is a misleading term for rock crystal and not a diamond at all.

MICROMOSAI: Micromosai are pictures or decorations that are made from mini pieces of stone, glass or other materials.

MICRON: A micron is 40 mils, or 40 millionths of an inch.

MICRO-PAVÉ: Micro-Pavé is a set of little gemstones set very close together.

MIL: Mil means a millionth of an inch.

MILANESE CHAIN: A Milanese chain is a chain that consists of small interwoven rows of links that form a mesh.

MILGRAIN: Milgrain is a decorative technique in which a beaded design is impressed into the metal.

MINE CUT: Mine Cut is a style of diamond cutting popular before 1890 and features a cushion shaped outline, rather than the round outline of the modern cut.

MINIMALIST: Minimalist is a term used to describe a movement in design and architecture around the 1960’s and 1970’s, where the subject reduces as much as possible to only its necessary elements.

MM: MM is the abbreviation for millimeter; the standard unit of measurement for jewelry dimensions.

MOHLS SCALE: Mohls scale is a scale of 1 to 10 used to measure the hardness of gemstones. 

MOKUME GANE: Mokume Gane is a beautiful metal that was first made in 17th century Japan. This metal sheet is a laminate of about 25 layers of sterling silver and copper which is repeatedly rolled and hand worked to reveal beautiful 'wood grain' patterns.

MOMME: It is a unit of weight used by the Japanese to weigh both silk and pearls. 1 momme equals 3.75 grams.

MONSTER BACK: A Monster Back is simply a very wide—9-10mm— earring backing. Monster backs give more support to the ear than smaller backings.

MONTANA RUBY: Montana Ruby is a pyrope garnet and not a ruby at all.

MOONSTONE: Moonstone is a transparent, mildly iridescent, milky white variety of feldspar with white or light blue opalescent spots.

MORGANITE: Morganite is a rose-colored variety of beryl.

MOTHER OF PEARL: Mother of pearl is an iridescent glaze formed on the inside of oyster shells.

MOVAL: Moval is a gemstone cut that combines the narrowing edges of a marquise cut with the rounded points of the oval cut.

MULTI-BAND: Multi-Band is a band type composed of more than one band.

MYSTIC FIRE: Mystic Fire is also called mystic topaz or rainbow topaz which is topaz that has been color enhanced by glazing it with a thin layer of metal atoms giving it the desired rainbow effect.

N



NATURAL GEMSTONES: Natural gemstones are those gemstones mined from the earth rather than created.

NATURAL PEARL: A natural pearl is a pearl formed without human involvement of any kind.

FANCY COLOR DIAMONDS: Diamonds with a deep body color, including brown, yellow, blue, violet, orange, pink and red. Fancy color diamonds are unusual and therefore highly valued.

NAVETTE: Navette is a ring-shaped like a large marquise but set with many smaller stones.

NEGLIGEE : Negligee is a pendant or necklace with two clinging uneven drops.

NICKEL-FREE: Nickel-free is a type of hypoallergenic metal plating. Generally, acid copper replaces nickel in the metal plating process.

NICK SETTING: The nick setting is similar to the channel setting. Rows of stones with metal bordering either side. In a nick setting, minuscule prongs form from the surrounding metal to secure the stones.

NICKEL: Nickel is a hard metal with a silver or white appearance that is often fused with other metals for added strength.

NIELLO ENAMELLING: Niello enameling is a blackish enameling process that provides contrasts in highlights and darkness in the design.

NOTHING NECKLACE: A nothing necklace is an extremely fine chain made of gold often with teeny stones or ornaments.

NUGGETS: Nuggets are large, earth-formed pieces of gemstone or precious metal.

NUGGET RING: A nugget ring mimics and exaggerates the look of a native lump of precious metal, consistently yellow gold.

O



OCTAGON GEMSTONE CUT: Octagon gemstone cut is another variation of utilizing a "step-cut" approach with rows of wide, flat, concentric facets that resemble steps as if in a staircase along the gemstone’s circumference. The steps in this cut are not equidistant, unlike that of an Emerald cut.

OLIVINE: An olivine gem is the mineralogist's name for peridot.

OMEGA CHAIN: An omega chain is a composed of small rectangular pieces of metal linked together on a flexible wire that is invisible to the naked eye.

OMEGA BACK: An omega back is the hinged and curved closure that supports the back of a post earring.

ONYX: Onyx is a gemstone often found in a superb black color, but can occasionally be found in other colors. 

OPAL: A gemstone consisting of a form of hydrated silica, ordinarily semi sheer and showing many small points of shifting color against a pale or dark ground. Opal is the birthstone for October and the traditional gift for the 14th wedding anniversary.

OPALESCENT: Opalescent is a term used to describe a surface with a lustrous, cloudy, rainbow-like array of colors, comparable to what one might see in an oil slick or mother of pearl.

OPAQUE: Opaque is a term used to describe a stone that will not allow any light to pass through it.

OPEN SETTING: Open setting is a stone setting with open sides so that the lower portion of the stone is visible.

OPEN BACK SETTING: An open back setting is a setting where the back of the stone is visible.

OPEN LINK CHAIN: Open link chains feature interconnected metal links containing a gap or open area in the center.

OPERA NECKLACE: A formal necklace designed to drape and sit at the breastbone. An opera necklace is very long and measures 28-34 inches or 75-90 cm in length.

ORGANIC: Organic is a design style using free-flowing curves and surfaces similar to those from nature such as in leaves, vines, etc.

ORIENT: Orient is also known as pearlessence, the term applies to a pearl's iridescence or luster.

ORIENTAL PEARL: Oriental Pearl is a pearl that has formed naturally, with no human intervention.

OVAL: A stone that has an elongated round figure. An oval cut is popular for colored jewels.

OVAL GEMSTONE CUT: Oval gemstone cut is a variation on the round brilliant cut with the same number of facets: 58.

OVERLAY: Overlay is a decorative layer applied to the surface of an object.

OXIDIZING: The process that forms oxides on the surface of metal. Oxidizing is often done purposefully by applying heat or chemicals to a metal to achieve a desired darkening of metal.

P


PALLADIUM: Palladium is a rare and lustrous silvery-white metal.

PATINA: Patina is a process of color change on the surface of metal, a type of oxidation caused by age and/ or wear.

PEEK-A-BOO DIAMOND: A peek-a-boo diamond is a secretive, hidden diamond that is only visible from a unique angle.

PENNYWEIGHT: Pennyweight is a common weight unit of measure used in the valuation and measurement of precious metals.

PEAR CUT: A Pear cut is a gemstone cut that is teardrop.

PERIDOT: Peridot is known for its yellow‐green color. Peridot is the birthstone for August and the traditional gift for the 16th wedding anniversary. It is also called an olivine gem.

PARURE: Parure is a suite of matching jewelry, customarily four or more pieces and containing a: necklace, bracelet, pair of earrings and belt or brooch.

PAVÉ SETTING: Multiple small stones set in a curved or flat surface and held in place by prongs. The prongs used in a pavé setting come from the surrounding metal with the use of a fine sharp gravers tool.

PEWTER: Pewter items are items that contain at least 90% tin.

PEAR-SHAPED CUT: Also known as teardrop-shaped, a pear-shaped cut stone features a rounded bottom edge that comes to a point at the top.

PINK DIAMOND: A pink diamond is a fancy colored rare variety of diamond with a pink or rose body color.

PINK GOLD: Pink gold is pure gold fused with more copper than other alloys and is sometimes called rose gold.

PINKY RING: A pinky ring is a ring worn on the little finger of either hand, which is also called the "fifth finger".

PLANISHING: Planishing is the process of striking metal with a polished hammer to smooth its surface. 

PLATINUM: Platinum is a durable precious metal, valued for its white color and purity.

PLIQUE-Á-JOUR: Plique-á-jour is a type of enameling where openings in a metal form fill up with enamel powder that is then fused.

POINT: A term used to describe stone weight, standardly only for a diamond. 1 point is equivalent to 1/100 of a carat.

POLISH: A polish is the condition of a diamond or metal's surface.

POPCORN CHAIN: Popcorn Chain is a bendable, fairly dainty chain made up of lightweight, hollow, interconnected links that are machine made and assembled.

POST: A post is metal part of the earring that goes through the pierced earlobe.

POSY RING: A posy ring is a ring engraved with a verse.

PRECIOUS GEMSTONES: Precious gemstones are a group of gemstones consisting of diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emeralds.

PRECIOUS METALS: Metals prized because of chemical and physical properties such as resistance to corrosion, hardness, strength and beauty. Common precious metals implemented for producing jewelry are platinum, gold, silver and palladium.

PRIMARY METAL: Primary metal is the alloy that, when describing a two-tone item, makes up the majority of the weight of the jewelry item.

PRINCESS LENGTH: Princess length is a necklace length which is usually 45-50cm (17.5-19.5”) long.

PRINCESS-CUT: A princess-cut is a type of cut featuring a square stone.

PRONG SETTING: In a prong setting, a stone rests in a metal base with prongs that extend to its girdle, securely holding it in place. 

PURE GOLD: Pure gold is gold that is not alloyed with other metals. The term karat indicates the purity of gold present with the 24K marking indicating pure gold.

PUNCH: Punch is a short steel tool, regularly struck with a hammer to create form, texture or lines in metal. 

PUSH BUTTON CLASP: A push button clasp "clicks" into place. The mechanism relies on a lever or button which needs to be pushed in order to release the closure.

Q


QUADRILLION: A quadrillion is a square-cut diamond with 96 facets: 49 brilliant style, 21 crown and 24 pavilion.

QUARTZ: Quartz is a mineral that is sometimes colorless (rock crystal) but is also found in many colors. 

R


RADIANT-CUT: A radiant-cut is an eight-sided rectangular or square-cut stone with about 70 facets.

RASO CHAIN: A raso chain is a type of chain that features small, oval metal links twisted and braided tightly together.

REACTIVE METALS: Reactive Metals are a family of six tough gray metals: niobium, titanium, tantalum, zirconium, tungsten and hafnium. For jewelers, the attraction of these metals is the range of permanent colors achievable through anodizing.

REFINISHING: Refinishing is the restoring of a finish to its initial state.

REFRACTIVE INDEX: Refractive index measures the bending of a ray of light when passing into a gemstone.

REPOUSSÉ: Repoussé is a technique used to create a design with a raised surface by hammering and punching metal from the back.

RHODIUM: A shiny platinum group metal that increases whiteness and strength of other metals. A rhodium finish also helps to prevent tarnishing.

RICE: Rice is a type of pearl shape where a teeny, irregularly formed pearl is oval or egg-shaped and has a crinkled surface.

RIVETING: Riveting is a system of joining two objects together by constructing a hole in each piece, before passing a screw--composed of the same metal as the piece--through the holes to join parts of jewelry.

RIVIÉRE: Rivière is a necklace that has a single strand of gemstones, routinely of the same size and cut.

ROCK CRYSTAL: Rock Crystal is a transparent, crystalline mineral.

ROLLING RING: A rolling ring routinely consisting of three or more bands. As the ring is slid on and off the finger, the bands roll over one another.

ROLO CHAIN NECKLACE: A rolo chain necklace is a chain featuring uniform round or oval links made from low dome or flat wire.

RONDELLE: A bead shape that is flatter on the top and bottom and not completely round, so it’s more of a doughnut shape. Rondelle beads are faceted or smooth.

ROPE CHAIN: A rope chain features numerous strips of metal curve together, resulting in a chain with a rope pattern.

ROPE LENGTH: The longest length of necklace defined as 85cm (25.5”) long. Rope length necklaces are usually long enough to wrap twice around your neck or to fold in half and wear as a lariat, with one end threaded through the folded loop.

ROSE CUT: A rose cut is a stone cut with a flat base with the upper facets cut to a point.

ROSE FINISH: A rose finish is a jewelry finish that leaves a rose-gold tinge.

ROSE QUARTZ: Rose Quartz is a translucent, milky-pink variety of quartz.

ROPE CHAIN: A rope chain is a chain that contains numerous strips of metal twisted together, resulting in a chain with a rope pattern.

RUBELLITE: Rubellite is a red or pink variation of tourmaline.

RUBY: Ruby gems are members of the corundum family, whose ruby red color comes from chromium oxide in the stone.

RUSSIAN GOLD: Russian Gold is gold that undergoes an antiquing process to give it an aged appearance. The result is a piece with great dimension and character.

S


SAFETY CLASP: A safety clasp is a secondary closure added to some bracelets and necklaces for extra security.

SALT-AND-PEPPER DIAMOND: A salt-and-pepper diamond is a diamond with many inclusions which create a black-and-white design.

SALTWATER PEARL: Farmed by a saltwater farmer, saltwater pearls are grown in oysters by having a "seed" of mother-of-pearl placed inside of them.

SATIN FINISH: Comparable to a brushed-finish, a satin-finish adds texture with small-scale grooves in the metal's surface. This reduces the metal's reflectivity and adds a desirable soft sheen.

SATURATION: One of the three color components, saturation (also called brightness and intensity) is a color's strength and purity.

SAUTOIR: Sautoir is a very long strand of beads or pearls, routinely ending in a tassel. Popular in the 1920s.

SEED BEAD: A seed bead is a micro bead that is uniformly shaped measuring less than 1 millimeter to a few millimeters. 

SEED PEARLS: Seed pearls are small bits of pearls popular during the Victorian period as accents set into gold jewelry or woven into long fringed necklaces.

SCALLOPED: Scalloped is an ornamental edge to a component made up of a series of curves reminiscent of a shell edge.

SCALLOPED SETTING: A technique for setting gemstones in which the prongs are created from the shank. Fishtail is an example of a scalloped setting.

SCREW BACK STUD EARRINGS: Screw back stud earrings are typically used for diamond earrings. This secure backing features small metal backs that screw onto the post.

SECONDARY METAL: When describing a two-tone item, the metal alloy that makes up the minority of the weight of the jewelry item is the secondary metal.

SEED BEADS: Seed beads are mass-produced miniature glass or plastic beads made by slicing tubes into tiny evenly spaced pieces.

SEMI-PRECIOUS GEMSTONE: A semi-precious gemstone is not a diamond, emerald, sapphire or ruby  gem– historically thought to be less valuable than a precious gemstone ie, amethysist, aquamarine, etc…

SLEEPER EARRING: A Sleeper Earring is an earring that because you can sleep in it. It’s a lightweight small hoop. Its post hinges and snaps closed in a “v” lock.

SLIDE: A piece of jewelry that slides onto an omega chain and acts as the centerpiece.

SHANK: The part of a ring that fits around the finger. The combination of a shank and head (or setting) makes up a ring.

SILVER-FINISH: Silver finish means a plated metal coated with silver color but does not contain any real silver content.

SLIDE STONE: A side stone set as part of a group encircling a center stone.

SIGNET RING: A signet ring is a ring style traditionally used like a stamp to imprint a crest or family insignia into the wax.

SILVER TONE: Silver tone is a term used to describe a jewelry piece that is silver plated or coated, but not sterling silver.

SINGAPORE CHAIN: A Singapore chain is a twisted, curbed chain with joined links.

SMOKY QUARTZ: Smoky quartz is a variety of quartz that ranges in color from cloudy brown to a dark, root beer shade with a smoky appearance.

SNAKE CHAIN: A snake chain is similar to the body of a snake as thin bands of metal are securly linked together.

SNAPTITE SETTING: A snaptite setting is a setting type that allows the setting of a faceted stone with ease. These settings have tensioned pre-notched claws, doing away with the tricky parts of making a claw setting fit a faceted stone. 

SOLDER: Solder is the process of melting and fusing metals together to make, repair or adjust jewelry.

SOLITAIRE: A solitaire includes rings, earrings or necklaces that feature a single diamond in a metal setting.

SOUTH SEA PEARLS: Among some of the world’s largest pearls, Pearls from the south sea are located in the waters between northern Australia and southern China. The smoothness and roundness of pearls from the sound sea are exceptional.

SPINEL: Spinel is a very hard, semi-precious stone composed of octahedral crystals.

SPRING RING JEWELRY CLASP: Spring ring jewelry clasp is a round tube with a spring loaded lever on one side that opens and closes the clasp.

STAINLESS STEEL: Stainless steel is a white, durable metal. It is particularly popular in men's bracelets, necklaces, men's wedding bands and men's fashion rings.

STAR SETTING: A star setting in which a gem's set within an engraved star.

STARTER EARRINGS: Starter earrings a.k.a sleeper earrings are earrings that maintain the opening in the ear while providing comfort. Ideal for people with first-time piercings. 

STRIATIONS: Striations are grooves, lines and scratches originating naturally in some minerals.

STICK PIN: Stick pin is a pin that is used as a brooch pin.

SUNSTONE: Sunstone is a gorgeous orange gemstone known for its aventurescence or Shiller which is a 'milky' luster or glowing that originates from beneath the surface of the gem.

SPACER: Spacer is a decorative element positioned in a step-like fashion.

STRAP NECKLACE: Strap necklace is a mesh chain with pendants suspended by a short, fine chain resembling a fringe.

SUPER FIT RING: A super fit ring is a ring which opens and closes--similar to a bracelet or watch band--allowing it to slide into place before being secured.

SYMMETRY: Symmetry is a term for the uniformity of a gemstone's cut, including the shape and placement of facets.

T


TAHITIAN PEARL: A Tahitian pearl is a pearl formed from a black lip oyster, primarily cultivated around the French Polynesian islands.

TANZANITE: Tanzanite is a semi-precious gemstone popular for its brilliance and known for its varying shades of violet ranging from deep, rich purple to lilac.

TAPERED: Tapered is a piece that becomes gradually smaller toward one end.

TEARDROP-SHAPED: Also known as pear-shaped, a teardrop-shaped stone features a rounded bottom edge that comes to a point at the top.

TEMPERING: Tempering is a heat treatment of metals, alloys and glass to increase the strength and ductility of the material through controlled reheating to a level below its annealing temperature.

TENSION SETTING: In a tension setting, a stone is held on either side by the metal setting, as if it was floating in the air. 

TENNIS BRACELET
: A tennis bracelet is a simple, flexible, in-line diamond or other stone set bracelet.

TENNIS NECKLACE: A tennis necklace is a simple, flexible, in-line diamond or other stone set bracelet.

TITANIUM: Titanium is a natural element, which has a silver-grayish-white color. Titanium is the hardest metal in the world.

TSAVORITE: Tsavorite is a rich, deep green variation of garnet.

TRACE CHAIN: A trace chain is a delicate chain which features fine and minor oval-shaped links.

TRANSLUCENT: Translucent materials allow light to pass through them, but the light's scattered.

TRANSPARENT: Transparent materials allow light to pass through them without dispersing the light.

TRAPEZE CUT: Trapeze cut is a gemstone cut into an equilateral triangle with a flat top.

TRELLIS SETTING: Trellis setting is a structure of open latticework especially used as a gallery support for gemstones.

TREMBLER: Trembler is a piece of jewelry that has a part or parts set on a spring. The spring set parts move as the wearer of the jewelry moves.

TRIANGLE GEMSTONE CUT: A triangle gemstone cut is a type of cut in which the stone has three distinct sides.

TRI-COLOR: Tri‐color designs feature three colors of metal in a piece of jewelry.

TRI-TONE: Tri-tone is a metal that features three different shades.

TRILLION: Trillion is a type of cut in which the stone has three distinct sides.

TRIPLET: A triplet is an assembled gem with three main components.

TROY OUNCE: Troy ounce is a unit of weight that is traditionally used for gemstones and precious metals with 1 troy oz = 1.097 oz. 

TOGGLE CLASP: A toggle clasp is a metal bar on one end of a chain that fits through a small metal ring on the opposite end. When flat, the bar cannot fit back through the ring, securing the ends together.

TONE: A tone is a scale designed to measure color intensity in a stone. Values range from "light" to "dark."

TORSADE: Torsade necklaces contain many strands twisted together.

TOPAZ: Topaz is a precious stone, typically colorless, yellow & is allochromatic, which means that its color results from defects in its crystal structure.

TOURMALINE: Tourmaline is aluminum boron silicate is found in colors ranging from deep red to shining yellow.

TSAVORITE: An emerald-green variety of grossular garnet, tsavorite is one of the most popular and expensive varieties of garnet. 

TUMBLING: Tumbling is a finishing process in which jewelry in a plastic or rubber container along with steel balls or shapes of hard plastic that contain grit simulate sanding, burnishing or buffing. 

TUNGSTEN: Tungsten carbide, also referred to simply as tungsten, is a very durable metal. It's also quite heavy.

U


ULTRASONIC CLEANER: An ultrasonic cleaner is a device that cleans jewelry by the use of ultrasound energy.

V


V-END: A prong setting designed to protect the delicate points of a diamond. The v-end shaped prong wraps around the point of fancy diamond shapes such as princess, emerald, marquise and pear.

VERMEIL: Vermeil is a type of gold-finished material composed of a thick layer of gold over solid sterling silver.

VITRAIL: Vitrail is a translucent or iridescent glaze that is only applied on one side of a bead or glass.

W


WATERMELON: A term used to describe a bi-color stone with the coloring of a watermelon, i.e., a fuchsia center and green outer edge.

WELDING: Welding is a process that joins two pieces of metal using intense heat.

WHEAT NECKLACE CHAIN: A wheat necklace chain is a resistant chain made up of interweaving bands of metal, resembling a grain of wheat.

WHITE GOLD: White gold is the result of fusing metals. It is a mixture of the primary metal pure gold with a copper, zinc and nickel (or palladium) alloy.

WHITE METALS: White Metals is a casual term for metals that have similar appearance, melting points and properties. Included here are lead, bismuth, antimony and cadmium.

WIREWORK: Wirework is the process of creating manipulated wire decoration.

WRAPTITE SETTING: A wraptite setting is a setting designed for a faceted stone. The light wire channel setting sits around the edge of the stone holding it in place and allowing you to see the entire stone. 

WOVEN: Woven is a jewelry design element in which multiple strands of precious metal interlace.

X


XAGA:  Xaga is a type of obsidian originating in California, USA.

Y


YELLOW GOLD: Pure gold is 24 Karats, which is too soft for use in gold jewelry. By fusing it with copper and silver, yellow gold retains a marvelous yellow color and increases its durability.

YGF: YGF is an abbreviation for yellow gold-filled jewelry.

Z


ZINC: Zinc is an alloy metal mixed with gold, silver and copper to produce various shades of gold. 

ZIRCON:  A zircon gemstone is a mineral occurring as prismatic crystals, typically brown but sometimes in translucent varieties. A zircon gemstone contains a high refractive index and strong dispersion.

ZOISITE: Zoisite is a semi-precious gemstone which takes on a variety of colors including blue, violet, green, brown, pink, yellow, gray and white.