Fun Facts About September's Birthstone-Sapphire

The September birthstone is sapphire – a gem that’s been cherished for thousands of years.

Sapphire Gemstone
  • The September birthstone sapphire comes from the Latin word “saphirus” and Greek word “sapheiros” which both mean blue.
  • Sapphire's associated with the planet Saturn and translated as “dear to planet Saturn” in other languages.
  • Sapphire is also the gem commemorating the 5th and 45th wedding anniversaries.
  • Sapphire Hardness:  Sapphires are among the most durable naturally occurring elements in the world. Gemstones are able to withstand scratching based on a system called the Mohs Scale of Hardness and sapphires hardness ranks a 9 out of 10. The only natural item that can scratch a sapphire is a diamond, which has a 10 on the Mohs Scale.
  • Sapphire and ruby are identical in all of their fundamental properties except color. Sapphire and ruby come from the same mineral. The red variant is a ruby. Any other color other than red is a sapphire, such as the popular blue variety, green, pink and colorless.
  • Even though the blue sapphire is the most favored, the most expensive and rare sapphire is the pink-orange padparadscha from Sri Lanka.
  • When it comes to engagement rings, peach sapphire is one of the most sought gemstones. Peach sapphire gets its name from its likeness to peach and apricot fruit. This color is very attractive to potential brides looking for the right engagement ring.
  • A star sapphire is a natural gemstones that display a star -- a phenomenon known as asterism -- are rare and have long been valued by collectors. Popular options for buyer include pink star sapphires and blue star sapphires.
  • When looking to buy a blue star sapphire or a pink star sapphire, remember that the value depends not only on the carat weight of the stone but also the body color, visibility and intensity of the asterism.
  • Heat Sapphire vs. No-Heat Sapphires. Heat sapphires are prolific with a 99% share of the market. A tiny, remaining 1% are no-heat sapphires.
  • Be cautious when shopping, sapphire assortments usually contain a large percentage of diffusion sapphires. Sapphires for sale are often heat sapphires treated with chemicals and heat to change their color, to a more aesthetically pleasing/ valuable shade and these less valuable stones are commonly mislabeled as no-heat sapphires.
  • Sapphire Carat Price: When it comes to sapphire stone price, the more intense the color then the more valuable the gemstone usually is. Sapphire assortments range in price from $25 per carat to over $11,000 per carat.
  • Blue Sapphire Stone Price: Depending on multiple factors, blue sapphire stone prices varies. A very good heated blue sapphire in the 1 carat size range sells for $200 to $600 a carat.
  • Raw sapphires are found in sapphire mines in Australia, Thailand, Cambodia and the United States (Montana), among other countries in Asia and Africa. Gemstones found in North America are often colored sapphires in bluish-green and greenish-blue hues.  Other interesting raw sapphires hail from sapphire mining spots in African countries such as Tanzania, Kenya, Nigeria and Madagascar.
  • The Umba River Valley in Tanzania is a sapphire mining site that is a major source of colored sapphires. This area produces rough sapphires in all colors of the rainbow, including highly valued padparadscha and rare color-change sapphires.
  • Rough sapphire discoveries are rising in countries such as Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  • Famous star sapphire gems include the 1404.49-carat Star of Adam, the 563.4-carat Star of India and the 182-carat Star of Bombay are from Sri Lankan mines.
  • Famous sapphire stones include the Rockefeller Sapphire, a 62.02 carat (ct) rectangular step cut stone discovered in Myanmar (Burma). Acquired in 1934 by financier and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, Jr. (1874–1960) from an Indian maharaja
  • Sapphire Healing Properties. Sapphire healing properties include bringing harmony, peace and faithfulness between lovers.
  • French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte gave his wife Josephine a two stone sapphire and diamond engagement ring in 1796. The ring, which sold at auction for close to a million dollars in 2013 features a pear-shaped sapphire next to a pear-shaped diamond facing opposite directions on a simple gold band.
  • Perhaps the best-known sapphire crystal in recent years is the 12 ct blue gem surrounded by diamonds in the sapphire engagement ring first worn by Princess Diana and then given by her son to Kate Middleton, now Duchess of Cambridge.
  • For cleaning sapphire jewelry, warm and soapy water is always safe. Ultrasonic and steam cleaners are typically safe for untreated, heat-treated, and lattice diffused sapphire crystals. Fracture-filled, cavity-filled or dyed sapphire jewelry should only be handled with a moist cloth.
  • For proper storage, you should wrap the your sapphire jewels in a piece of cotton cloth or acid-free paper after cleaning and drying them. Place your sapphire jewels in a jewelry box and make sure to separate it from other stones. Lastly, store it in a cool and dry place away from direct contact to sunlight or heat.

You can't go wrong with this colorful gemstone, whether you're seeking classical blue or another shade of the sapphire rainbow.