JEWELRY GLOSSARY


This glossary will cover some of the most commonly used terms in the jewelry industry. Whether you're a seasoned pro or just getting started, this guide will help you better understand the language of jewelry.



1-100


8K GOLD METAL


8K gold contains only 33.7% gold.


10K GOLD METAL


10K gold contains only 41.7% gold.


14K GOLD METAL


14K gold metal is the most popular form of gold karatage sold in the United States, containing a blend of 58.3 percent gold and 41.7 percent other metals.


18K GOLD METAL


18K gold metal consists of 75% pure gold and 25% other metals such as copper and zinc. It's less bright but far more durable than 24k gold.


24k GOLD METAL


24K gold metal is the purest and most expensive form of gold with a purity of 99.9 percent. This metal has the brightest, yellowest color.


A


ABRADED CULET


Abraded culet is a cracked or scratched culet.


ACCENT GEMSTONES


Accent gemstones are stones used in jewelry design that are not the main focus, but instead accent or complement the centered stone plus any side gemstones.


ALLOY METALS


Alloy metals are a combination of two or more metals created for added strength.


ALTERNATIVE METALS


Alternative metals are metals used in jewelry that are less precious than platinum or gold. For example: palladium, titanium, stainless steel, tungsten and cobalt.


AJOUR


Ajour is an open setting that leaves the pavilion facets open to the light.


AKOYA PEARLS


Akoya cultured pearls are rare as well as have a beautiful luster that makes them more valuable than freshwater cultured pearls. Akoya cultured pearls come from Akoya oysters.


ALEXANDRITE


Alexandrite is a mineral found in Russia, named after Czar Alexander II of the Russian Empire. This gemstone has two colors: green when exposed to sunlight plus red when lit by artificial light.


ALTERNATVE METALS


Alternative metals are metals used in jewelry that are less rare than gold & platinum.


AGATE


A semi precious gemstone, agate is a variety of quartz. Moreover, agate gemstones usually features bands of color that vary from tan to red or brown to green. On the Mohs Hardness Scale, it has a hardness of 6.5 to 7 making it ideal for both jewelry and decorative objects.


AGGREGATE


A type of gemstone that's composed of small crystals or particles. These include chalcedony, jade, lapis lazuli, malachite and turquoise.


AMETHYST


The amethyst gemstone, traditionally gifted as the customary present for someone celebrating their 6th or 17th wedding anniversary, is a purple form of quartz.


AMBER


Amber is a fossilized resin used to make jewelry and other ornamental objects. It typically has a yellow, orange or red color.


ANKLET


Anklets are a type of bracelet worn on the ankle often embellished with gems or diamonds.


ANTI-TRAGUS PIERCING


In an anti-tragus piercing, the earring goes through the fold of the cartilage at the top of the lobe often at the highest points, so it sits opposite the tragus.


ANNIVERSARY BAND


An anniversary band is a ring syle that celebrates an anniversary or complements a wedding band.


ANNIVERSARY RING


As the name suggests, an anniversary ring is often diamond-encrusted and designed to symbolize your commitment. Popular styles include eternity rings or three-stone bands that is often worn alone.


ANODIZED METALS


Anodized metals contain a chemical or electrolytic protective glaze added to shield certain metals.


ANTIQUE FINISH


An antique finish is a term used to describe jewelry treated so that its appearance mimics the look of old, worn-out pieces. This type of finishing treatment can be applied to new or vintage jewelry, giving it an aged appearance with varying levels of success. The most common method involves chemically altering the surface of the jewelry to either lighten it or darken it, depending on the desired result.


ANTIQUE JEWELRY


Antique jewelry is jewelry that is over 100 years old. These pieces are often highly valuable because they can be very rare and have special historical significance. Since the materials used to create these items are no longer in plentiful supply, it is also much more difficult to reproduce.


APPRAISAL


An appraisal is a professional evaluation of a piece of jewelry, often used to determine its insurance value.


ARGENTIUM SILVER


Argentium silver is either 93.5% or 96% silver with a proprietary blend of germanium, zinc, boron and copper making up the rest.


AQUAMARINE


Aquamarine is a semi precious gemstone from the beryl family, primarily found in blue-green hues. It's the traditional birthstone for people born in March and one of the customary 19th wedding anniversary gemstones.


ARGENTIUM SILVER


Argentium silver (originally patented in 1998) is a brand of modern tarnish-resistant silver alloys, containing either 93.5% or 96% silver.


ART DECO


The term "Art Deco" encompasses a wide variety of design styles that emerged in the 1920s and 1930s. Characterized by sleek lines, geometric shapes, and rich colors, Art Deco is a departure from traditional design principles.


ART NOUVEAU


Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture, and applied art, especially the decorative arts, most popular between 1890 and 1910. A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants and flowers. Art Nouveau is a highly ornamental style that uses various materials, including metal, glass, ceramics, wood, and stone.


ARTICULATED


Articulated means jewelry with hinges or other moving pieces that allow for flexibility.


ARTISAN DIAMONDS


Artisan diamonds are lab created crystals made by skilled artisans using high pressure and temperature processes. These diamonds are made from carbon and have the same chemical composition as natural diamonds. 


ASSAY


Assay is the process of establishing the purity standards for gold, silver, and other alloys.


ASSCHER‐CUT STONES


Asscher-cut stones are square-cut stones coupled with intensely shaved corners. They imitate a house of mirrors.


AMERICAN WIRE GAUGE (AWG)


The American wire gauge system is a standard system of measurement used in the United States for nonferrous metals such as gold, silver, platinum and copper. The thickness of these wires ranges in a series from 0000 (4/0) to 40.


AMETHYST


Amethyst is a violet variety of quartz that ranges in color from pale lilac to deep purple.


ANNEALING


Annealing is a process used to relieve stress in metals and make them more pliable. The annealing process involves heating the metal to a specific temperature and slowly cooling it. This process uses various methods, including furnace, torch, and kiln annealing.


B


BAGUETTE-CUT STONES


Baguette-cut stones are either rectangular or narrowing in shape with stepped edges. They're usually used as accents to accentuate larger stones in jewelry, but they can also be used as a main stones for smaller pieces.


BAND


A band is the part of a ring that goes around the finger.


BANGLE/ BANGLE BRACELET


A bracelet that is either solid or hinged designed to slide easily around the hand and onto the wrist.


BAROQUE PEARL


Baroque pearls are pearls with an irregular, non-spherical shapes.


BAROQUE JEWELRY


Similarly to other elements of the Baroque period, Baroque jewelry is distinguished by its botanically inspired motifs and its exuberant symmetry.


BASE METAL


Base metal refers to non-precious metals (such as copper, zinc, tin, nickel, lead, or iron). Base metal is commonly used in costume jewelry.


BARION CUT


Barion cut is a traditional step-cut crown and a modified brilliant-cut pavilion.


BARREL CLASP CLOSURE


Two pieces on either end of a necklace or bracelet that screw together to form the clasp.


BAR SETTING


A bar setting is similar to a channel setting in that it features a circular band of diamonds or gemstones that keeps each stone in by means of a long, slender bar, shared between two stones.


BERYL


A transparent pale green, blue, or yellow mineral consisting of a silicate of beryllium and aluminum, sometimes used as a gemstone.


BESPOKE JEWELRY


Bespoke Jewelry is jewelry made for a particular customer. Also known as custom or custom made jewelry.


BEZEL SETTING


A bezel setting surrounds the stone completely, with a rim keeping it in place. It is the upper area above the girdle of a cut stone.


BIB NECKLACE


A bib necklace is a dramatic necklace style that features three or more concentric strands . The lowest strand generally does not exceed matiné length (20 to 24 inches). The highest is typically at choker length.


BIJOUTERIE


Bijouterie is a French term for jewelry store.


BIRTHSTONE


A birthstone is a gemstone associated with the month of a person's birth.


BLACK DIAMONDS


Black diamonds are opaque diamonds with a black color that come in only one color-intensity: Fancy Black, unlike the characteristic of color in other color diamonds.


BLACK GOLD


Black gold is a mixture of gold and other black metals.


BLEMISHES


A diamond's blemishes are marks or scratches on the outside surface of the stone.


BLISTER PEARLS


Blister pearls are pearls that are grown against the inside of the oyster's shell and not within its tissue.


BLUE DIAMOND


A blue diamond is a colored diamond with a noticeable blue tone due to the presence of boron in the diamond's carbon structure.


BLUE GOLD


Blue gold is an 18K Gold alloyed with 25% iron and 75% gold, giving a bluish tone to the metal.


BOOK CHAIN


A book chain is a Victorian chain style consisting of interlocking links of flat folded metal resembling the binding of a book.


BRIOLETTE DIAMONDS


Briolette diamonds are drop-shaped diamonds featuring triangular or diamond-shaped facets.


BRONZE


Bronze is a yellowish‐brown alloy of copper, iron and tin with up to 1/3rd of that being tin.


BRILLANT-CUT


A brilliant-cut is a circular gemstone cut, especially for diamonds or other transparent stones, with 57 or 58 facets. This cut returns the greatest amount of brilliance, fire, and white light to the eye, making it an immensely popular cut.


BRILLANCE


Brilliance is the intensity and amount of light reflected inside a diamond or gemstone.


BRUSHED FINISH


A brushed finish is a type of finish that is applied to metals using a brush. You can use this type of finish to create a variety of textures, including a matte or satin finish. Brushed finishes are often used on jewelry because they can help to disguise scratches and other imperfections.


To create a brushed finish, You must polish the metal first. This metal finish can be done by hand or using large rotary tools with abrasive surfaces. Once the metal is polished, it is treated with various chemicals to help protect it from scratches and corrosion, such as rhodium plating. Then, sweeping a brush across the metal creates the desired texture.


BURNISH


Burnish is a method of polishing an item or surface that involves rubbing it with a hard, rough material to give the surface a shiny appearance. You can use this process on metal, stone, gemstones, and other materials. The goal of a burnish is to create smoothness by filling in any tiny scratches or imperfections on the surface
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One of the most common materials used for burnishing is a piece of leather. This method polishes jewelry without removing metal. For example, a jeweler will rub the piece of leather against the metal surface to fill in any scratches or imperfections. The result is a smooth, shiny surface.


BURNISH SETTING


A burnish setting is a type of jewelry setting that uses friction to hold the stone in place. This setting technique relies on light pressure from a burnishing tool, which rubs the metal against the edges of the prongs or bezel. The burnishing tool applies a small amount of heat and pressure to the metal, which causes it to change shape slightly, creating a small indentation that holds the stone securely in place. This setting is not as secure as other methods, so you should only use it for semi-precious stones or softer gems.


C


CABLE CHAIN


A cable chain features uniform round or oval‐shaped links connected to each other to form a chain.


CABOCHON


Cabochon is a gemstone cut polished into a smooth, dome-like surface with rounded corners instead of facets.


CAD


CAD software is a computer program used to design jewelry. It allows jewelers to create and edit designs and view the results of their work in three dimensions. CAD software can be used to create both simple and complex jewelry designs and is an essential tool for anyone who wants to pursue a career in jewelry design. 


CANARY DIAMOND


A Canary Diamond refers to a pure yellow diamond with a strong shade - meaning pure intense yellow diamond.


CARAT WEIGHT


Carat weight is a unit of measurement for the weight of diamonds and gemstones. Carat weight is unrelated to the similar sounding karat, which refers to gold's purity.


CARVED PEARLS


Carved pearls are authentic Tahitian pearls that are carved.


CAVITY


A cavity is a flaw in the form of a sizable opening that penetrates a diamond or gemstone from the surface.


CHANNEL SETTING


Channel setting is a type of setting style where stones are set set in a row with the metal folded over the edges to hold them in place.


CHOKER NECKLACE


A choker necklace is a short necklace style that is made to sit high and close to the neck. The necklace length is typically from 14-16 inches.

CITRINE STONES


The citrine gemstone is a yellow to red-orange variety of crystalline quartz.


CLUSTER SETTING


Cluster setting is a setting style, where numerous, smaller accent stones surround a a larger center stone.


CREOLE EARRINGS


Creole earrings are a hoop earring style that are generally the same thickness the whole way around or feature an elongated shape.


CROWN


Crown is the upper portion or the top of a diamond.


COLLAR NECKLACE


A collar necklace is a 16" necklace falls near the base of the neck, just below the collarbone.


COLLET


Collet is a collar of metal that holds a stone.


CONCH PIERCING


A conch piercing is a piercing that goes through the cartilage at the back of your ear.


CONFLICT-FREE JEWELRY


Conflict-free jewelry refers to jewelry produced in a way that ensures that the mineral resources and labor used to make it are not exploited or utilized in ways that perpetuate conflict. 


CUBIC ZIRCONIA


Cubic zirconia is a colorless, synthetic gemstone made of the cubic crystalline form of zirconium dioxide.


CULET


A culet is the bottom point of the diamond. It sometimes polished in some stones.


CULTIVATED DIAMONDS


Cultivated diamonds are laboratory-grown diamonds. The term “cultivated” stems from how diamonds are grown in a lab, similar to how the cultivation of plants takes place. In other words, tight control over conditions creates the desired outcome.


CULTURED DIAMONDS


Cultured diamonds are a type of diamond that is grown in a laboratory. These diamonds are made from carbon using high pressure and temperature processes, which allows them to have the same chemical composition as mined diamonds. 


CULTURED PEARL


A cultured pearl is a pearl that humans create rather than found in nature. Cultured pearls are grown in pearl farms using either freshwater or saltwater mollusks. The pearl farmer implants a mollusk with a small piece of mantle tissue from another mollusk, the nucleus around which the nacre, or pearl, is deposited.

 

CUSHION-CUT STONES


Cushion-cut stones feature a mixed-cut diamond shape resembling a square pillow.


CUT


Cut qualifies the brilliance, fire, and scintillation of a round, brilliant-cut diamond by analyzing the diamond's symmetry, proportions, and polish.


D


DAITH PIERCING


A daith piercing is a piercing that goes through the inner ridge of cartilage.


DEMI-PARURES


Demi-parures are matching pieces of jewelry that are typically worn together though they are not a full set.


DIAMOND


Diamonds are the hardest natural mineral. These sparklers are the birthstones for April and the traditional gift for people celebrating their 10th, 60th or 75th wedding anniversaries.


DIAMOND CLARITY


One of the four Cs, a diamond's clarity is calculated by measuring the amount/absence of blemishes on it. These sparklers have varying clarity levels; from flawless to imperfect.


DIAMOND CLUSTERS


Diamond clusters are tiny groups of diamonds used as accent stones in jewelry. They can range from a few millimeters to several centimeters and usually have a metal setting. Diamond clusters often have an ornate design and maybe studded with other precious stones such as sapphires or rubies. 


DIAMOND-CUT CHAIN


Diamond-cut chain features sharp edges cut onto the surface of a chain so that the links flash and catch the light.


DIAMOND CUTLET


The diamond cutlet is the small, pointed area where the facets of the diamond meet at the bottom of the pavilion. In simple terms, it’s the bottom point, or tip, of the diamond. 


DIAMOND GRADING


Diamond grading is a system used to determine the value of a diamond. This grading system evaluates the different properties such as its color, clarity, cut, and carat. The grades are usually assigned to diamonds based on their purity, rarity, and quality, determining their overall value. 


DIAMOND SLICES


Diamond slices are thinly sliced sections of large, rough diamonds characterized by their abundance of inclusions.


DOUBLE HELIX PIERCING


Piercing the upper-outer cartilage just once creates a classic helix, but piercing two locations in the same area makes this style a double helix piercing.


DROP EARRINGS


Drop earrings are an earring style that extends below the earlobe and is stationary.


E


EARRING CRAWLERS


Earrings crawlers are a long earring style that climbs up the ear for a unique look.


EMERALD


Emerald is a member of the beryl family and for that reason, it can sometimes be found in an array of different shades of green. It is the traditional birthstone for those born in May. Additionally, it is the standard gemstone gift for anniversaries 20, 35 and 55.


EMBOSSING


Embossing is a process for creating raised (or depressed, when debossing) areas on the surface of metal.


EMERALD‐CUT STONES


These stones feature a rectangular gemstone cut coupled with beveled, step-cut corners.


ENAMELING


Enameling is the process of adding colored enamel to a piece of metal.


ETHICAL DIAMONDS


Ethical diamonds are diamonds mined in an environmentally and socially responsible way. These diamonds are produced by companies with strict policies to ensure that their workers and the local communities operate fairly and ethically. Ethical diamonds are traceable back to the mine of origin, ensuring that you know exactly where your diamond comes from. 


ETHIOPIAN OPALS


Ethiopian opals, also called Welo Opals, are opals that have translucent to transparent body colors with a vivid play-of-color in a variety of patterns.


EUROPEAN SILVER


European silver is not any one silver quality standard like fine, sterling, or Britannia grade silver. Rather, this term refers to the many different types of silver used to make jewelry in continental Europe.


EYE-CLEAN DIAMONDS


Eye-clean diamonds do not have any diamond inclusions and blemishes visible to the naked eye.


F


FACETED GEM


A faceted gem is a precious stone cut in such a manner as to have flat, polished surfaces.


FACETS


Facets on a gemstone are the cut, flat surfaces that determine how much light shines through.


FACTORY DIAMONDS


Factory diamonds, also known as laboratory-grown diamonds or synthetic diamonds, are a type of diamond that is produced artificially in a laboratory setting. These diamonds are made from carbon using high-pressure and high-temperature processes, which gives them the same chemical composition as natural diamonds. Because they are less expensive and more eco-friendly than naturally-occurring diamonds, they have become increasingly popular in recent years. 


FANCY CUTS


Fancy cuts are gemstone cuts that result in unusual or complex shapes. Some fancy cut gems such as marquise and oval can also make a stone appear larger, making them more valuable on the market.


FIGARO CHAIN


A figaro chain is a chain with flattened links which vary in size. It usually has 2 or 3 shorter links alternating with a longer link.


FILAGREE


Filigree is a thin metal wire that is twisted into delicate lacy patterns.


FINDINGS


Jewelry findings are the small components used to finish and complete a piece of jewelry. They include clasps, earring backs, jump rings, and more.

 

FIRE


Diamond fire is a term used to describe the sparkle and scintillation of a diamond. The way light reflects off a diamond can create beautiful patterns that appear as if the stone is emitting its own light. Some diamonds appear almost white, while others have intense colors like yellow or blue. No two diamonds are exactly alike, which means that the fire found in each stone will also be unique.


Fire and sparkle result from several factors, such as the diamond's cut, clarity, color, and carat weight. The most important factor for a diamond's fire is its cut since it is directly related to how light interacts with the diamond itself.


FINE JEWELRY


Fine jewelry is jewelry made from fine metals (gold, silver, platinum) and gemstones (e.g., diamonds, emeralds, sapphires, rubies, and pearls).


FINE SILVER


This is the most purest form of silver available. Fine silver is hypoallergenic and contains almost entirely pure silver. The remaining 0.1 percent contains trace elements, usually copper. If this percentage of trace elements is greater than 0.1%, then the metal is not classified fine silver.


FLAT PIERCING


A flat piercing is a piercing that sits through the 'flat' area of skin between your ear canal and cartilage.


FLORENTINE FINISH


 The Florentine finish is a type of jewelry that utilizes the technique of engraving patterns on metal surfaces using a rotating jeweler's drill. This process creates an intricate and decorative design on the surface that enhances the piece's appearance and provides added depth and texture to it.


FLUROSCENCE


When exposed to UV light, a diamond may display more whitish, yellowish or bluish tones, which may imply that the diamond has a property called fluorescence.


FLUSH SETTING


A flush setting is a type of jewelry setting that involves placing the gemstones very close to the surface of the metal. This type of setting gives the appearance that the stones are "flush" with the metal. It is achieved by cutting small slits in the metal and then gently pushing each stone into place. Flush settings are common in rings, earrings, and other smooth surface jewelry.


FORWARD HELIX PIERCING


A forward helix piercing is a type of ear piercing that goes through the ear's upper cartilage. It is placed above or in front of the earlobe, and one opening is made from the outside surface and another on the inside surface. Forward helix piercings are highly individualized, as they can be placed anywhere along the ear's upper cartilage. Some people choose to have multiple forward helix piercings done at once, while others may opt for a single piercing.

 

FRESHWATER CULTURED PEARL


These cultured freshwater pearls are pearls that are farmed and created using freshwater mussels. Freshwater pearls are produced in Japan and the United States on a limited scale.


G


GIA


The Gemological Institute of America is the authority on gemological teaching and research.


GARNET


Garnet, the traditional birthstone for January and the 18th wedding anniversary gift, is principally found in a reddish-brown color. Less common colors of this gemstone are also found in all shades except blue.


GEM TREATMENT


There are many types of treatments used to improve a gem's appearance or durability. These gem treatments include bleaching, coating, diffusion, dyeing, filling, heating, etc.


GEMOLOGY


Gemology is the study of precious stones.


GEMOLOGIST
A gemologist is a professional who studies and evaluates gems. They are experts in identifying and assessing the quality of gems and providing information on their value.


GEMSTONE CUT


Gemstone shape refers to the potential options of shape and size that a gemstone can be cut. The outline form of a gemstone is not confused with the faceting pattern.


GERMAN SILVER


German silver a.k.a nickel silver is an alloy made of roughly 60% copper, 20% nickel and 20% zinc.


GERMANIUM SILVER


Germanium silver is a silver alloy that absorbs and neutralizes atmospheric chemicals, which usually cause silver tarnish.


GILDING


Gilding is the coating of metal with a layer of gold.


GIRDLE


Girdle is the outer edge of a cut stone, the separating line betwixt the crown and the pavilion.


GOLD WASH


A gold wash finish is the process of applying a thin layer of gold to an object like jewelry or basemetal, but it will still have a yellowish hue due to the chemical reaction between copper and sulfur in air.


GREEN DIAMOND


A green diamond is one of the rarest and most valuable diamonds. Its natural green color results from exposure to radiation while still within the Earth's crust.


GYPSY SETTING


Gypsy setting a continuous band that gets thicker at the top. The top is dome-shaped with a centered stone.


H


HALF-BEZEL SETTING


A full bezel goes around the entire stone. Half‐bezel settings wrap metal on either side of the stones girdle, as opposed to all around the stone.


HALF‐CHANNEL SETTING


A half-channel setting has a thin strip of metal bordering each side either of diamonds or gems.


HALO SETTING


A halo setting is a type of setting that encircles a center gemstone in a collection of round pavé or micro-pavé diamonds, or faceted color gemstones.


HAMMERED FINISH


A hammered finish is created by using tools to hammer the surface of the metal, creating a textured look. This metal finish is most common in gold and silver jewelry.


HARDNESS


Hardness measures a material's resistance to scratching based on the Mohs hardness scale.


HEART CUT


A heart cut is a diamond cut shaped like a heart, with two rounded obtrusions at the top and a point at the bottom.


HELIX FLAP PIERCING


A helix flap piercing is a cartilage piercing where the jewelry sits on the outside of the ear, as opposed to the inside. It's perfect for people whose ears fold over a little at the top.


HELIX PIERCING


A helix piercing is any piercing made to the upper cartilage of the ear, though there are different types. A standard helix piercing sits on the outer upper cartilage, but you can also get forward, backward, double or even triple helix piercings.


HIDDEN HALO ENGAGEMENT RING


A hidden halo engagement ring is a ring that has a halo of diamonds around the center stone, but the halo of diamonds is not visible from the top view. The halo is "hidden" because it is encircled by the ring's band. 


HIGH-GLOSS FINISH


A high-gloss finish is a highly reflective and smooth surface achieved through the use of specialized polishing equipment. This type of finish is typically used for jewelry and other objects subject to frequent handling or need to stand out visually.


Achieving a high polish finish involves using polishing tools, abrasives, and chemicals to remove imperfections and smooth out the surface. The polishing tools can include everything from hand-held buffers and rotary tumblers to large automated machines.


Once the polisher receives the desired level of polish, a final buffing step takes place with microfiber cloths or other soft materials that do not leave behind any residues. This buffing treatment helps protect the surface from fingerprints and other contaminants.



IDEAL‐CUT STONES


An ideal‐cut stones features a series of prisms and mirrors. The manner in which light shines from the top of a diamond (not its sides or back) determines how brilliant and fiery it is.


ILLUSION SETTING


An illusion setting is a diamond or gemstone setting that is more intricate than others in that it surrounds the stone to make it appear larger.


IMITATION


An imitation is a gem look‐alike. Unlike a synthetic, an imitation (or simulant) doesn't have the same chemistry and structure as the gem it resembles. Appearance is the only similarity.


INCLUSIONS


Inclusions are "Internal qualities" that are observed by a trained or expert eye at 10x magnification. Inclusions come in many forms such as bubbles, crystals, carbon spots, feathers, clouds, pinpoints, or other impurities, or even cracks and abrasions.


INFINITY ETERNITY BAND


An infinity eternity band is a ring with diamonds or other gemstones set all around the band, symbolizing eternal love. It is also known as an infinity ring or a circle of love ring.


INDUSTRIAL PIERCING


An industrial piercing usually includes two piercings in the cartilage of an ear connected by a single piece of jewelry.


INVISIBLE SETTING


An invisible setting is a technique that sets stones from the back so that no metal mounting shows. This gives the impression of a larger single stone.


J


JADE


Jade is the common name for two types of minerals, jadeite and nephrite traditionally used in jewelry because they are difficult to break.


JAPONAISERIE


Japonaiserie consists of decorative elements in a Japanese style.


JOAILLERIE


Joaillerie is a French Term for jewelry.


JOURNEY NECKLACE


A journey necklace features a ladder or S‐curve that progresses from the smallest to largest gemstone.


K


KARAT


Karat is the standard measurement of gold purity. Pure gold is 24 karats and therefore, the amount of gold in a compound revolves around 24 parts. Moreover, this means 14K (14 parts) consists of 14 parts gold and 10 parts alloying metal.


KUNZITE


Kunzite is the pink to light purple gem variety of the mineral Spodumene.


L


LAB DIAMONDS


Lab diamonds are man-made stones, which have the same chemical, physical and optical properties as natural gemstones.


LARIAT NECKLACE


A lariat necklace is a necklace style that features a long chain that hangs vertically down the front of your body.


LAPIS LAZULI


Lapis is a semiprecious gemstone valued for its deep blue color.


LOBE PIERCING


A lobe piercing, or earlobe piercing, is any piercing that goes through the fleshy lower part of the ear—basically where you got your very first ear piercings (most likely).


LOUPE


A jeweler's loupe is a small instrument that jewelers and goldsmiths often use to inspect the quality of gems, metals and jewelry. It is made of high-quality glass that magnifies objects 10 times larger than they are. These loupes can be handheld or mounted together with a stand, so they don't need holding. Some jewelers also use loupes to read fine print or see small details that the naked eye can't see. 


LOW-PROFILE ENGAGEMENT RING


A low-profile engagement ring has a low flush to the band setting. The diamond's point is located within the band rather than on top of it. You may even notice from a side profile that the band almost thins towards the middle so that the setting can rest on top.


LUSTER


Luster is the shine or brilliance of a gemstone. This luster can be either natural or artificial, depending on how its creation. Natural luster occurs when a gemstone has been cut and polished properly to reveal its inner beauty. In contrast, artificial luster occurs when a coating is added to a base layer to increase its shine.

 

M


MABE PEARLS


MABE pearls are pearls that are grown against the inside of the oyster's shell and not within its tissue.


MACHINE DIAMONDS


Machine diamonds are another term for lab-grown jewels created artificially in a lab using high pressure and temperature processes. These diamonds are made from carbon and have the same chemical composition as natural diamonds.


MADEIRA CITRINE


Madeira citrine is a particular type of citrine, that's deep orange in color.


MAGNETIC CLASP CLOSURE


A magnetic clasp closure features a magnet on each end of the chain which draws towards each other to hold jewelry in place.


MAKER'S MARK


A maker's mark is the identifying mark stamped by the maker on a piece of jewelry.


MAN MADE DIAMONDS


Man made diamonds, also known as engineered or cultured diamonds, are grown in highly controlled laboratory environments using advanced technological equipment.


MANUFACTURED DIAMONDS


Manufactured diamonds, also known as synthetic or lab-grown jewels, are real diamonds created in a laboratory setting. While they possess the same physical and chemical properties as natural diamonds, they are much more affordable and not sourced from the Earth.


MARQUISE


The marquise cut stone is an elongated, thin stone with gently curved sides. The marquise cut sides come to a point on each end.


MATINEE NECKLACE


A matinee necklace is a 22-24" necklace style, typically falling near the decolleté.


MATTE FINISH


A matte finish is a smooth, non-glossy surface. This type of finish is common in fashion jewelry and other items that have an understated design aesthetic. Matte finishes are often subtle, but they can also draw attention to the texture of your piece. This metal finish can help highlight different materials or accentuate special details like gemstones.


A matte finish is often created by applying a textured finish to the surface of your piece. For example, you can sand it, buff it, or use other methods to make the surface rough or uneven. You may also achieve this metal finish through paints and other materials that leave a non-shiny appearance (dull and satin-like surface).


MELE


Mele are small, usually round diamonds measuring less than .10 carats in size.


MIXED-CUT STONES


Mixed-cut stones feature a design displaying both step cut and brilliant-cut facets.


MOHS SCALE OF HARDNESS


The Mohs scale of hardness is a scale of hardness with numbers ranging one to ten assigned to ten minerals of increasing hardness from talc to diamonds.


MOTHER OF PEARL


Mother-of-pearl is the iridescent inside lining of a mollusk shell.


MOONSTONE


Moonstone is a variety of the feldspar-group mineral orthoclase.


MORGANITE CRYSTAL


Morganite crystal is the pink to orange-pink variety of beryl, a mineral that includes emerald and aquamarine.


N


NACRE


The nacre is the material that builds up around foreign particles in mollusks to form pearls.


NATURAL FANCY COLOR DIAMONDS


Natural Fancy color diamonds feature deep body colors in brown, yellow, blue, violet, orange and pink. Categorized as Z+ on the Diamond Color scale and come in nine saturation levels from Faint to Vivid Fancy.


NOBLE METALS


Noble metals is a rarely used term for fine metals such as gold, silver and platinum.


NON-TARNISH SILVER


Non-tarnish silver contains a set of sterling quality alloys with at least 92.5 percent silver content that do not easily tarnish because they replace part of the remaining copper with other metals.


O


OLIVINE


Peridot is the mineralogist's name for the semiprecious gemstone olivine.


OMEGA BACK


An omega back is a hinged and curved earring fastener that supports the rear of a post.


OPAL


Opal is a silica mineral extensively used as a gemstone.


OPAQUE FINISH


An opaque finish is when one color covers another completely and doesn't leave any shine through it on top as seen in cloisonné or millefiore.


OPERA NECKLACE


An opera necklace is a 30" necklace style that falls close to the waist and is typically reserved for formal events.


ORBITAL PIERCING


An orbital piercing is when one piece of jewelry passes through two or more piercings. This is commonly done on the lobe, but it has been known to happen in other places as well.


ORGANIC DIAMOND


An organic diamond forms when pure carbon undergoes super high temperature and pressure over billions of years within Earth’s mantle. Its formation only occurs in “diamond stability zone,” 80 to 120 miles deep and in scorching temperatures(up to 2,200 degrees Fahrenheit), where the conditions are just right.


OXIDIZED FINISH


An oxidized finish is when silver reacts to oxygen outside its airtight container to produce black oxidation on top of a metal surface which then becomes dark brown as time passes.


P


PALLADIUM


Palladium is a rare, precious metal. It is a lustrous silvery‐white color.


PAVÉ DIAMOND
A pavé diamond is a small diamond set close to other small diamonds in a "paved" setting. This type of setting gives the illusion that the diamonds are one continuous sparkling row.


PAVILLION


The pavilion is the bottom portion of a diamond, located between the girdle and the culet.


PILLOW STUD EARRINGS


Pillow stud earrings feature a small, pillow-shaped stone or gemstone in the center of a metal setting. Smaller gems usually surround the stone to create an intricate pattern.

 

PINK DIAMOND


A pink diamond is a colored diamond with a pink hue. The source of its pink color is greatly debated in the gemological world but it is most commonly traced to enormous additional pressure during formation.


PINK GOLD


Pink gold is a mixture of gold, copper, and silver.


PLATINUM


Platinum is an expensive, rare precious metal. It is soft, lustrous, silver-coloured metal.


PRECIOUS GEMSTONES


There are typically four types of precious gems: diamonds, rubies, emeralds and sapphires. Pearls, opals and jade stones are occasionally classified as precious gemstones, but they are more commonly classified as semi-precious stones. These four precious gems have traditionally been the most expensive and sought-after stones.


PRECIOUS METALS


Some metals are considered precious metals. The four primary metals in this group are gold, silver, platinum, and palladium.


PRINCESS NECKLACE


A princess necklace is an 18" necklace style that falls on the upper chest.


PRONG SETTING


The prong setting typically has four or six metal prongs that extend up from the ring’s basket and over the gemstone.


PURE GOLD


Pure gold equals 24 karats.


Q


QUARTZ

Quartz is the most common type of mineral on Earth. Variants include amethyst, ametrine, citrine, rock crystal, rose quartz, smoky quartz and tiger's eye.


R


RADIANT-CUT STONES


Radiant-cut stones are typically eight‐sided stones with approximately 70 facets.


RECYCLED METAL JEWELRY
Recycled metal jewelry refers to jewelry that consists of recycled metals.


RED DIAMOND


Red diamond is the rarest color of diamonds, making it harder to find in nature than standard diamonds. The red color results from exposure to certain elements and conditions during formation.


RING SHANK

The ring shank is the band that wraps around your finger.


RHODIUM

Rhodium is an expensive, precious metal grouped together with other metals in the platinum family of metals.


RIVIÉRE NECKLACE

A riviére necklace features a single strand of gemstones (typically diamonds) of the same size and cut. It should sit right on the collarbone.


ROLLED GOLD


Rolled gold is a combination of a thin sheet of gold with a lesser metal, such as brass, welded together using heat under pressure.


ROLO CHAINS


Rolo chains consist of alternating round or oval links.


ROOK PIERCING


A rook piercing is a piercing that goes through the cartilage on the ridge between the inner and outer conch.


ROSE GOLD


Rose gold is an alloy made from a combination of gold and copper. The most common alloy of rose gold is 75 percent pure gold to 25 percent copper, which makes 18k rose gold.


ROPE NECKLACE


A rope necklace is a long necklace style, typically from 32" or longer.


RUBY


A ruby is a pink to blood-red colored precious gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum (aluminium oxide).


S


SALTWATER PEARL


A saltwater pearl is a mollusk-created pearl that comes from the ocean or other bodies of saltwater. Akoya, South Sea and Tahitian pearls come from saltwater.


SATIN FINISH


A satin finish is a type of surface treatment that gives jewelry a soft, slightly glossy appearance. This kind of finish is relatively common on pieces made from precious metals like gold and silver and some base metals like brass and bronze.


A few different methods can create a satin finish on jewelry. One of the most common is to tumble the metal pieces in a tumbler with granules or beads made from abrasive materials like crushed glass, ceramics, gemstones, and even rice. This tumbling process causes the metal to rub against these abrasives, creating a soft sheen over the surface of the jewelry.


Another popular method is to use a chemical process known as acid etching. This acid treatment involves using chemicals to eat away at the surface of the metal, creating a satin finish.


Yet another method sometimes used to create a satin finish is to sandblast the jewelry. This blasting method involves using high-pressure air to blast sand or other abrasive particles against the jewelry, causing the metal to become slightly dulled and take on a soft sheen.


SATURATION


One of the three color components, a color's saturation level represents how strong and pure the color is.


SAPPHIRE


Sapphire is a variety of the mineral corundum that only comes in all colors except red. Sapphires and rubies are the second hardest minerals (diamonds being the hardest). Sapphire is the traditional 5th, 23rd and 45th wedding anniversary gift. It is also September's birthstone.


SCINTILLATION


Scintillation refers to the flashes of light that you see as diamonds move under light.


SCREW BACK


Screw-backs are a type of earring fastener that attaches to the posts and tightens by turning a small metal screw.


SEAL RING


A seal ring is a finger ring engraved with a seal.


SEED PEARLS


Seed pearls are small natural pearls, formed in a freshwater mussel or saltwater oyster, that are usually less than 2mm in diameter.


SEMI‐MOUNT RING


A semi‐mount ring is a ring style that has everything, but the center gemstone.


SEMI-PRECIOUS GEMSTONES


Semi-precious stones include all varieties of stone that are not considered "precious" like diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires.


SETTING


Jewelry typically has a setting, the metal work that holds stones in place. Prong is one of many settings; channels is another.


SHARED PRONGS


Shared prong settings feature diamonds along the ring's shank held together by metal prongs. Adjacent diamonds share two thin prongs to minimize the amount of metal on the band.


SIGNET RING


A signet ring is a finger ring engraved with a signet, seal or monogram.


SILVADIUM SILVER


Silvadium silver contains 93% silver, 7% palladium and small amounts of germanium.


SILVER


Silver is a type of precious metal most often mixed with other metals to increase its strength. Sterling silver is a compound consisting of 92.5% pure silver and 7.5% other metals.


SILVER-FILLED


Silver-filled is either 5% or 10% sterling silver by weight fused with heat and pressure to a brass core.


SIMULATED GEMSTONE



A simulated gemstone is a fake jewelry that mimics a natural stone.


SINGAPORE CHAIN


A Singapore chain is a type of twisted curb chain. The links join together in a way that forms an automatic curve, even when the chain is not twisted.


SMOKY QUARTZ


Smoky quartz is a brown-colored quartz.


SMOOTH FINISH



A Smooth finish is a type of jewelry finish with no ornamentation and creates an appearance that looks polished, shiny, without any textures.


SNAKE CHAIN



A snake chain is a series of small metal bands constructed closely together, resembling the body of a snake.


SNUG PIERCING



A snug piercing is a piercing that goes through the cartilage on the outer ridge of the ear.


SOLDER


Soldering is the process of melting metal and joining it together to make, repair or adjust jewelry.


SOLITAIRE



Solitaires are rings, earrings or necklaces that feature only one diamond.


SOUTH SEA PEARL



South Sea Pearls are the rarest type of cultured pearls grown, typically in Australian, Indonesian, and Filipino waters. These pearls come in a large size ranging from 8 to 18 millimeters with shapes that are typically circular. South Sea Pearls are found in many different colors including white and cream, silver gray, golden-yellow color.


SPACER



A spacer is a decorative bead or accent placed between charms to create an extra design detail.


SPECTROPHOTOMETER


A spectrophotometer is an advanced gem‐testing instrument that measures selective absorption from infrared to ultraviolet.


SPECTROSCOPE



A spectroscope is a gem‐testing instrument used to analyze absorption spectrum.


SPIGA CHAIN



A spinel gemstone is often mistaken for a ruby, though it's made of aluminum and magnesium oxides.


SPINEL



A spinel gemstone is often mistaken for a ruby, though it's made of aluminum and magnesium oxides.


SPRING RING CLASP



The spring‐ring clasp consists of a small metal ring with a gap that is opened and closed by the lever on the back.


SPLIT SHANK RING



A split shank ring is a ring that has a band that splits into two or more smaller bands. This design can be created in any metal and enhanced with beautiful stones and decorative engraving. Split shanks are very popular right now, as they allow the wearer to see both sides of the jeweled ring without ever having to remove it.

 

SQUARE-CUT STONES


Square-cut stones feature square outlines with facets cut into "steps." Most often, this type of cut contains 57 facets.



STABILITY


Stability is the resistance to harm not directly related to hardness or toughness that may come from heat, sudden temperature change, intense light, moisture loss or chemicals.



STAR 129


Star 129 is a round diamond cut with 129 facets.



STAINLESS STEEL METAL



Steel is a metal that is less likely to rust or corrode than regular steel or other jewelry metals.



STAR EFFECT


The phenomenon that occurs when bands of light intersect in a way that makes star shapes and appear to move in a “star effect”. The little needle like crystals are known as “inclusions”, which may provide the reason why only certain stones such as star ruby and star sapphire have this effect.



STEAM CLEANER



Step-cut stones are a type of gemstone cut featuring rows of facets positioned in a step-like fashion and typically take on the shape of an emerald or baguette, with four sides.



STEP‐CUT STONES



Step-cut stones are a type of gemstone cut featuring rows of facets positioned in a step-like fashion and typically take on the shape of an emerald or baguette, with four sides.



STERILITE SILVER



Sterilite silver is 92.5% silver with a small amount of copper, tin, zinc, silica and sometimes germanium.



STERLIUM SILVER



Sterlium silver contains 93% silver, 4% zinc, 3% copper and small amounts of germanium.


STERLING SILVER



Sterling silver is a durable jewelry metal composed of 92.5% pure silver and 7.5% alloy. Sterling silver is a silver alloy.



STONE TREATMENT



A stone treatment is an artificial process that improves a gem's appearance or resilience. Treatments for colored gems include bleaching, coating, diffusion, dyeing, filling, heating, impregnation and irradiation.



STUD EARRINGS



Stud earrings are an earring style that features a single gem or small cluster.



SUNSTONE


Sunstone is an interesting feldspar gemstone with a glittery appearance and usually an orange or reddish color, hence its name.



SUSTAINABLE JEWELRY


Sustainable jewelry consists of environmentally friendly materials and will not deplete natural resources.



SYMMETRY



Symmetry is the precision of a diamond's cut.



SYNTHETIC STONE



A synthetic stone is a colored gemstone that is man-made in a laboratory. Lab created crystals have the same chemical, physical and optical properties as any natural gemstone, but they are often called lab-created stones.


T



TAHITIAN CULTURED PEARL



Tahitian cultured pearls have a rich dark color that ranges from metallic to gray with some overtones of color.



TATTOO PEARLS



Tattoo pearls are authentic pearls that are hand carved.



TANZANITE



Tanzanite, known for its bluish-purple color, is the December gemstone as well as the traditional gift for 24th wedding anniversaries.



TARNISH


Tarnish is the degradation of lustrous surface. Air and moisture attack certain metals, such as silver, causing them to tarnish.



TENSION SETTING



In tension setting, the stone is suspended by the metal in a way that it appears to be floating. Unlike other settings, most of the stone can be seen.



TEXTURED FINISH



A textured finish is a jewelry finish that has a rough and irregular surface with different patterns.



THREADER EARRINGS



Threader earrings come with an ear post on at least one end which you thread through your piercing then simply pull gently, so the dainty chain slides through the ear.



TIGER'S‐EYE



Tiger's eye is a chatoyant variety of quartz. The color usually ranges from yellowish brown to brownish-yellow. This gem displays an appearance similar to that of the tiger; hence the name “Tiger’s eye."



TITANIUM


Titanium is a metal that weighs 1/3 less than gold, but is just as strong.



TOGGLE CLASP CLOSURE



A toggle clasp closure features a metal bar on one end of the chain secured by a small metal ring on the other end. The bar cannot fit back into the ring, securing the ends together, when it is flat.



TONE


One of the three color components is tone. The lightness or darkness of a color defined by its tone. Red and pink, for example, have different tones.



TOPAZ



Topaz is a mineral species that occurs in many shades of blue, yellow, brown, orange, red and pink.



TOTAL WEIGHT/TOTAL CT. WEIGHT



Total weight or total ct. weight is the sum weight of all gems in a piece of jewelry.



TOUGHNESS



Toughness is the ability of a stone to withstand pressure from collision.



TOURMALINE



Tourmaline is a semi‐precious stone and comes in a variety of colors ranging from black to brown, violet, green, pink, or a dual‐colored pink and green.



TRAGUS PIERCING



A tragus piercing is a piercing that goes through the thick cartilage right in front of the ear canal.



TRAPEZOID CUT


A trapezoid cut is a gemstone cut into a four-sided shape with a short side, a long parallel side, and two equal ends.



TRELLIS


Trellis is a prong setting with four interwoven prongs that hold the centered stone together.



TRI‐COLOR METALS



Tri‐color metal designs feature three colors of metal in one piece. Either the same metal, such as gold or the blending of different metals.



TRILLION CUT


A trillion cut is a triangular-shaped diamond cut with abbreviated corners and typically varying facets.



TRIPLET


A triplet is a three-part assembled gem.



TSAVORITE


Tsavorite is a bright green variety of grossularite, a type of garnet.



TUBOGAR


Tubogar is a tubular chain with flexibility.



TUNGSTEN/TUNGSTEN CARBIDE


Tungsten is a fairly new metal in jewelry making, often used for wedding bands. Tungsten is resistant to corrosion and four times harder than titanium.



TURQUOISE


Turquoise, the December birthstone, is a mineral species that's opaque and light to medium‐dark blue or bluish-green. It may also shows spangles of pyrite or include remnants of matrix.



TUTTI FRUTTI


Tutti Frutti is a common term for jewelry set with multi-colored gems carved into shapes of leaves, flowers, and berries and often in a basket design.



TWISTED


Twisted is a term for a band or group of curved or interwoven bands.



TWO-TONE METALS



Two-tone metals combine two metal colors in one piece. Either consisting of the same metal, such as gold or made of a mixture of metals.


U


ULTRASONIC CLEANER


An ultrasonic cleaner is a cleaner that uses high-frequency sound waves to clean jewels by passing them through a detergent solution.



UNISEX


A general term for a jewelry style that all sexes can wear.


V


VERMEIL


Gold vermeil, or just vermeil, refers to items made of a sterling silver base with a thin layer of pure gold.


W


WEDDING BAND



A wheat chain consists of oval and twisted oval-shaped links that intertwined to form an elaborate chain with lots of visual detail resembling wheat grains.


WHEAT CHAIN



A wheat chain consists of oval and twisted oval-shaped links that intertwined to form an elaborate chain with lots of visual detail resembling wheat grains.


WHITE GOLD



White gold is created by combining pure gold with a copper, zinc and nickel (or palladium) alloy.


WHITE TOPAZ


White topaz is a rare gemstone, transparent variety of silicate inosilicate of aluminium and fluorine. It’s name derives from the Greek 'to shine', and for good reason - it dazzles whoever sees it. The stone forms during metamorphosis of rocks (mountain formation), parallel to the formation of diamonds.


WORN FINISH


A worn finish is a type of metal finish that gives the piece an antique or vintage look. You can create a worn finish through a variety of methods, including using patina techniques or simply allowing the metal to age naturally over time.


WOVEN


Woven jewelry is a type of jewelry created by weaving together small pieces of metal, wire, or thread. This type of jewelry has a unique look and is often very intricate.


Y


YELLOW DIAMONDS


Yellow gold jewelry is either pure gold or a mixture of gold with copper and silver.


YELLOW GOLD JEWELRY


Yellow gold jewelry is either pure gold or a mixture of gold with copper and silver.


Z


ZINC METAL


The zircon stone, the December birthstone, is a mineral that comes in a variety of colors, including blue, green, yellow, brown, orange, red, pink, purple and even colorless. The optical phenomenon known as dispersion occurs in light-colored zircons.


ZIRCON STONE


The zircon stone, the December birthstone, is a mineral that comes in a variety of colors, including blue, green, yellow, brown, orange, red, pink, purple and even colorless. The optical phenomenon known as dispersion occurs in light-colored zircons.


ZOISITE


Zoisite is a semi-precious stone that takes on various colors, including blue, violet, green, brown, pink, yellow, gray, and white.