- Avoid Diamond Shapes with Sharp Corners
The corners and points of a diamond are more prone to diamond chipping since they are more exposed. The simplest way to prevent diamond chipping is to avoid shapes with sharp points. For example, round, oval, and rounded-corner cushions don't have the same sensitive point exposure as a marquise-cut diamond. Instead, look for a diamond ring with rounded edges or beveled edges.
- Protect the Diamond's Culet
The pointed bottom of a diamond is called the culet. The culet is the most vulnerable part of the diamond and is prone to breaking and chipping. Ensure a prong or bezel setting properly covers the culet to protect the culet.
- Avoid Thin Diamond Girdles
Even though a powerful strike can break the diamond at the girdle, a thicker girdle is more difficult to chip. Girdles with thin regions along the diamond's sides or corners and points are far more susceptible to damage. A skilled diamonds cutter will avoid creating these areas of weakness.
- Choose the Best Setting Style
Mounting diamond stones in bezels and partial or V-shaped prongs better protect vulnerable areas and corners. Likewise, mounting diamond stones in full bezels instead of half-bezels further increases protection.
- Don’t Wear Chipped Diamonds
Some people believe that if a diamond already has a chip, they can fix the mounting later. The knife-edged area of the chipped diamond has a very high chance of becoming chipped even more severely. So wear the chipped diamond as little as possible until repaired.
- Avoid Inclusions Near the Girdle
It should go without saying that a diamond with numerous inclusions at the girdle and points is more prone to chipping and fracturing. A little feather or another small defect near the girdle or point can leave the diamond vulnerable. A chip is likely to form if a blow to the stone lands precisely on a feather or diamond inclusion near the direction of a cleavage plane or at a point.
- Inspect Jewelry Prongs for Damage
A widespread cause of diamond chipping is that the prongs holding the gem in place in a piece of jewelry become bent or broken. If a diamond is loose in its setting, it will likely result in diamond chipping. Jewelry prongs protect diamond parts such as corners, points, and the sides of a diamond stone. The prongs are not doing their job of protecting your diamond if they become bent or damaged due to wear and tear.
Your diamond is no longer held firmly in its mounting, even if only one prong loosens shape or breaks. Instead, a diamond jeweler needs to repair this as soon as possible to prevent loss.
- Be Careful with Tension Settings
A tension setting secures a diamond in place using a groove cut into the metal that the girdle fits into, and the two ends of the ring press tightly against the diamond's sides. Before setting a diamond stone in this manner, a jeweler with experience in tension settings will carefully inspect the diamond girdle's condition. If there are any chips or cracks on this part of the diamond, a tension setting could cause the diamond to fall out of its setting.
At two opposing locations on the girdle, the mounting is already exerting pressure on the diamond. The girdle is put under much more significant strain when you hit the side of the ring. Even when worn casually, this setting style exposes the exposed sides of a diamond to damage.