PLATINUM JEWELRY GUIDE:
EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW
WHAT IS PLATINUM JEWELRY?
WHAT DOES PLATINUM LOOK LIKE?
WHAT ARE PLATINUM'S PROPERTIES?
Luster. Platinum, as a gleaming white metal, is excellent at reflecting light. Platinum jewelry has a natural brightness and shine because of this.
Density. Platinum is one of the densest elements on the planet, making it heavier than other jewelry metals. For example, a piece of jewelry made of platinum is approximately 30% heavier than the same piece set in 18 karat gold. So, if you prefer light jewelry, opt for gold or, better yet, gold-plated pieces..
Hardness. The hardness of platinum ranges from 4 to 4.5 on the Mohs scale (the maximum hardness is 10). Thus, it is a soft metal, though it is harder than gold and silver.
Malleability. Platinum, as a malleable metal, can bend without breaking. This bendability prevents platinum jewelry from shattering when struck or dropped, as more brittle metals like tungsten can.
Non-reactivity. Like all precious metals, platinum does not react with oxygen, water, or most acids. This non-reactivity safeguards it against environmental deterioration, allowing platinum jewelry to last indefinitely.
IS PLATINUM A RARE PRECIOUS METAL?
IS PLATINUM JEWELRY EXPENSIVE?
IS PLATINUM GOOD FOR JEWELRY?
The metal doesn't corrode, discolor, fade or lose shape with time and is one of the hardest metals, making it an excellent choice for jewelry.
IS PLATINUM JEWELRY HYPOALLERGENIC?
CAN YOU WEAR PLATINUM EVERY DAY?
The properties of platinum make it ideal for wearing every day, as it sustains very little metal loss over a lifetime of wear.
IS PLATINUM GOOD FOR WEDDING JEWELRY?
DOES PLATINUM JEWELRY TARNISH?
WHAT ARE PLATINUM ALLOYS?
A platinum piece usually contains common alloys rather than pure platinum metal. Because platinum is a soft metal, jewelry made entirely of it would be easily damaged. Platinum's hardness and durability increase by alloying (mixing) it with other metals. The most popular alloys are 90% platinum and 10% iridium, 80% platinum and 20% palladium, and 75% platinum and 25% cobalt.
As you can see, platinum alloy mixtures frequently contain ruthenium and iridium metals. Both are precious white metals belonging to the platinum group of metals, which means they have properties similar to platinum. Like other platinum group metals, ruthenium and iridium metals are noble, silver-colored, lustrous, and rare. They're also unreactive to most chemicals and have high corrosion resistance.
Ruthenium is sometimes used in small quantities as an additive to platinum alloys because it increases the metal's hardness. The resulting alloy is more resistant to scratching and wear, making it an ideal choice for use in fine jewelry. Iridium is also added to platinum alloys for the same reason. In fact, the two metals are often used together in a platinum-iridium alloy.
The two platinum alloy metals, iridium and ruthenium, are hard and brittle, unlike platinum. Iridium and ruthenium have a Mohs hardness rating of about 6.5, whereas platinum scores 4 to 4.5. This rating means that platinum is much softer.
Another platinum alloy is the silver-white metal cobalt. Cobalt is also non-corrosive, which means it will not tarnish or discolor over time. Cobalt, though not a precious metal, is a hard and lustrous platinum alloy, making it ideal for alloying with platinum metal.
WHAT ARE PLATINUM HALLMARKS?
IS A PLATINUM BAND HARD TO RESIZE?
A platinum band is not necessarily more difficult to resize than other types of ring bands. However, because platinum is a harder metal, it may require more time and effort to resize. If you are unsure about whether or not your jeweler can resize your platinum band, it is always best to ask in advance. That way, you can be sure that your band will be returned to you in the same perfect condition it was in when you first purchased it.
WHEN WAS PLATINUM DISCOVERED?
WHERE CAN YOU FIND PLATINUM?
WHAT IS PLATINUM USED FOR?
HOW TO CLEAN PLATINUM JEWELRY?
If your platinum jewelry looks a little lackluster, don't worry- a little TLC can go a long way! Here are some tips on how to clean platinum and restore its natural beauty.
-All-Natural Dish Soap
-A soft-bristled brush
1. For cleaning platinum, start by filling a bowl with warm water and add a drop of dish soap.
2. Dip the platinum piece into the soapy water and use the soft bristle brush to scrub the platinum clean. Try to reach the crevices and under the setting of any stones.
3. Rinse the jewelry under running water.
4. Dry the jewelry with a lint-free cloth.
5. Start polishing platinum by buffing it with a polishing cloth to restore its original shine.
6. Allow the jewelry to air dry on a soft, cotton towel; if the jewelry remains a bit dirty, repeat the steps for cleaning platinum above.
Platinum Care Tips:
When it comes to caring for your platinum jewelry, a little knowledge can go a long way. With the right platinum care, your jewelry will stay beautiful for a lifetime.
-While platinum jewelry cleaning, avoid scratching your piece by only using soft-bristled brushes and lint-free cloths while scrubbing the platinum clean.
- You can clean platinum jewelry with commercial jewelry cleaners, but you should always check the label first to ensure it is safe for platinum.
- Never use abrasive cleaners, such as toothpaste for platinum jewelry cleaning. These can damage the metal and dull its finish.
- After the cleaning, always store your platinum jewelry in a soft, lined box to protect it from scratches. It is also a good idea to keep it away from other jewelry pieces to avoid scratching.
- Have your platinum treated to a professional polishing and cleaned every 12 to 18 months to keep it looking its best.
WHAT IS PLATINUM PATINA?
WHAT IS RHODIUM-PLATED PLATINUM?
WHAT IS A PLATINUM COATING?
A platinum coating is a very thin layer of platinum applied to another metal. A platinum coating is resistant to tarnish, corrosion, and wear and is also non-reactive to chemicals, which makes it ideal for jewelry.
WHAT ARE THE PROS OF PLATINUM JEWELRY?
Platinum is a popular metal for jewelry, particularly engagement rings and wedding bands. You may choose pt jewelry for your wedding or other special occasions for a variety of reasons, including:
- Platinum rings are undeniably lovely. A platinum ring, whether you love a high sheen, plated with rhodium, or allowed to take on a patina, makes an eye-catching statement.
- Because diamonds reflect the color of the metal in which they are set, platinum-set diamonds can appear whiter and brighter than they are. In contrast with platinum-set stones, diamonds set in yellow gold can appear more yellow than they are.
- If you want your wedding band engraved, a platinum ring is an excellent choice. A jeweler can engrave messages or intricate designs on the band of a platinum ring that will last. Engravings on soft or "springy" metals can wear and fade over time.
- Platinum rings are extremely durable and secure gemstones better than gold or silver rings. Platinum rings, unlike gold and silver, don't wear down when scratched, making them an excellent choice for everyday wear.
Safe for Sensitive Skin
- Platinum is one of the least allergenic jewelry metals. If you have sensitive skin, platinum is a good choice, even for earrings and other skin-piercing jewelry.
WHAT ARE THE CONS OF PLATINUM JEWELRY?
Platinum Jewelry Prices:
- A piece of pt jewelry will cost approximately 30% more than the same piece done in 18 karat gold. Platinum prices are so high because platinum is heavier, more of it is required to craft jewelry of the same size. Platinum alloys are also purer than gold jewelry alloys, which increases platinum jewelry prices.
- You must properly care for your platinum if you do not want it to develop a patina, a.k.a a matte appearance. Polishing platinum with a soft cloth can help to slow and soften the appearance of patina, but professional treatment will eventually be required to restore its like-new shine.
IS PLATINUM BETTER THAN GOLD?
Yes, the properties of platinum make it superior to gold in some ways. For example, it never tarnishes or causes skin irritation like some lower purity gold alloys, displays the color of diamonds better than yellow gold, and holds gemstones more securely because it is more difficult to bend out of shape.
Although platinum is more difficult to bend, most gold alloys are more difficult to scratch. The two most common alloys used to make gold jewelry, 18k gold, and 14k gold, both resist scratching better than platinum metal.
One caveat: when gold is scratched, the metal comes off the jewelry, which means it is permanently lost. In contrast, platinum moves the metal around but does not come off and is easily buffed back into place.
As a result, with regular wear, a piece of gold jewelry actually shrinks over time. You won't notice this because it happens slowly (think decades).
If you prefer to wear heavy jewelry, platinum is a good choice. Because platinum is denser than gold, it feels heavier on your body than gold. However, some people prefer light jewelry, so it's really a matter of personal preference. In contrast, others prefer the heavy jewelry feeling of platinum.
Finally, there is no objective way to determine whether platinum properties are superior to gold. It all boils down to personal preference.
WHICH COSTS MORE GOLD OR PLATINUM?
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PLATINUM AND WHITE GOLD?
For example, if you want the look of white gold but don’t want to deal with the maintenance, a platinum chain may be the better choice for you. Plus, a platinum chain will never tarnish or discolor, which is a major bonus. However, if you prefer the lower price tag of white gold, then a white gold chain may be the route you should go. Plus, a white gold chain can easily be re-plated if it starts to show wear.
Whichever route you choose, make sure you do your research so you can make an informed decision about which metal is right for you.
HOW DO I IDENTIFY PLATINUM?
If you're like most people, you probably don't know much about platinum jewelry hallmarks. However, if you're in the market for a piece of platinum jewelry, it's important to understand the markings for platinum. Platinum is a very rare metal, and as such, it is subject to strict quality control measures. The purity of platinum is measured in parts per thousand, and the metal is typically 99.95% pure. In order to ensure that a piece of platinum jewelry is of the highest quality, it must be hallmarked.
There are three primary markings for platinum: the Platinum Mark, the Pt Mark, and the Hallmark. The Platinum Mark is the most important of the three, as it indicates that the piece of jewelry has been certified by an independent body to be made of platinum. The Pt Mark is a symbol that indicates that the piece of jewelry contains at least 95% pure platinum. The Hallmark is a stamp that is applied by the manufacturer to indicate that the piece of jewelry meets all the required standards for platinum jewelry.
When shopping for a piece of platinum jewelry, it is important to look for these three hallmarks. If you are purchasing a piece of jewelry that does not have any of these three hallmarks, it is likely that the piece is not made of pure platinum. Platinum jewelry that does not have the Hallmark is usually made of a lower quality metal, such as sterling silver. In addition, platinum jewelry that does not have the Platinum Mark or the Pt Mark is likely to be made of a lower quality alloy, such as nickel.
Marks on platinum jewelry can be difficult to decipher, but they are necessary in order to ensure that the piece of jewelry is made of pure platinum. If you are unsure about the meaning of particular marks on platinum, it is always best to consult with a qualified jeweler. A good jeweler will be able to explain the meaning of all the different hallmarks on platinum jewelry.
Platinum is a beautiful, durable metal that is perfect for those who want fine jewelry that lasts. While it may be more expensive than gold, its benefits may be worth the investment for you. Consider buying platinum jewelry the next time you are looking for high-quality jewelry.