FREQUENTLY ASKED DIAMOND QUESTIONS

The first step in purchasing the best diamond is to ask the appropriate questions. You'll be able to handle the diamond buying experience like a pro once you check out the most frequently asked questions & answers below.


Q: WHAT IS A DIAMOND?


A: Diamonds are carbon. They are the hardest naturally occurring substances. They formed deep in the Earth under intense heat and pressure.


Where diamonds are found:


A: Because diamonds are carbon, they form in many different geographical locations. The most well-known diamonds come from South Africa but also occur in Australia, Brazil, Canada, India, Russia, and the United States.


Traditionally, mining diamonds took place in kimberlite pipes – large, cone-shaped volcanic structures that reach from the Earth's surface to great depths. Today, mining diamonds in open-pit mines happens more often than underground mining.


Q: WHAT COLORS ARE DIAMONDS?


A: Depending on the trace elements present, the natural colors of diamonds varies. The most types of colored diamonds are yellow and brown, but you can also find blue, green, black, pink, orange, red, etc.


Q: ARE COLORED DIAMONDS WORTH MORE?


A: When buying colored diamonds, it is important to know that the "4 Cs" of color, clarity, cut, and carat weight determines the diamond valuation. There are different types of colored diamonds, and each color is unique. In general, diamonds with a rarer color are more valuable than those with a more common color. 


Q: WHAT DOES DIAMOND CLARITY MEAN?


A: The clarity ratings for diamonds refer to the number and size of the blemishes on the surface of diamonds and the internal imperfections. The fewer and smaller the blemishes, the higher the diamond clarity. 


Q: WHAT IS THE HIGHEST DIAMOND GRADE?


A: The best diamond grade and clarity is FL, or flawless. Even if viewed under 10x magnification, the GIA only classifies a stone under the best diamond grade and clarity when a skilled grader detects no impurities or diamond flaws. Hence, Fl or flawless is the best diamond clarity grade.


Other clarity ratings for diamonds include :

VS1 and VS2 (very slightly included)

SI1 and SI2 (slightly included)

I1, I2, and I3 (included)


Q: WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COLORLESS AND NEAR-COLORLESS DIAMONDS?


A: Colorless diamonds are free of any hue, while near-colorless diamonds have a faintly yellow or brown tint. Colorless diamonds are rare and, as a result, more expensive.


Q: WHAT DOES CARAT MEAN IN DIAMONDS?


A: Carats are an international standard unit of measurement for a diamond's weight. A one-carat diamond equals 200 milligrams, so a 5 carat diamond will weigh one gram. The carat of a diamond, contrary to popular belief, refers not to size but to the diamond's weight.


Q: HOW ARE DIAMOND CARATS MEASURED?


A: A diamond's carat weight refers to the stone's weight; a one-carat diamond is approximately 200 milligrams. The diamond cost per carat is directly related to the carat weight. The heavier the diamond stone, the higher the diamond cost will be.


Q: WHAT ARE THE FOUR CS OF A DIAMOND?


A: Buyers of diamonds frequently turn to the four Cs to asses a diamond's overall quality. The four Cs of a diamond stone — cut, color, clarity, and carat — are the four qualities that determine a diamond's quality and price. Independent gemological institutions utilize these standards to grade diamonds, and then they are placed on the market for the buyers of diamonds to purchase.


Q: WHICH DIAMOND CUT SPARKLES THE MOST?


A: The most beautiful sparkling diamond cut is the brilliant round cut. Brilliant cut diamonds have 58 facets (including the culet), allowing peak light performance to enter the stone and sparkle across them.


Interestingly, the brilliant round cut was actually designed and engineered specifically to have the strongest possible sparkle.


Q: ARE DIAMOND ACCENTS REAL DIAMONDS?


A: Diamond accents are only slightly different from larger diamonds. Diamond accents are not faux diamonds because they have the same carat grade, color, cut, and clarity as other real diamonds.
Individual accent stones are less valuable because of their smaller size, but the value of accent stones is the same as that of a larger, real diamond when combined.


Q: WHAT DIAMOND SHAPE LOOKS BIGGEST?


A: The round cut (and Old European cut) has the biggest look out of all diamond cuts. It's no accident that it's the most popular and costly type of diamond on the market.


A round-cut diamond gives the impression of a 0.5x larger stone.

 

Q: HOW CAN I MAKE MY DIAMOND LOOK BIGGER?


A: The best way to make your diamond stone appear larger is to choose a setting with less metal around the band.

 

Q: WHAT IS A GOOD-QUALITY DIAMOND?


A: A good quality diamond should have an eye-clean diamond grade, meaning that no inclusions or blemishes are visible to the naked eye. It should also have a high color grade (D-F) and clarity grade (IF-VVS2). The cut of the diamond is also important, and a well-cut diamond will have good symmetry and proportions.


Another good option is an si diamond, meaning it contains the presence of minute flaws that can be seen under 10x magnification. However, if these are larger or located in the middle of the an si diamond, where there are no facets to conceal them, they may be apparent even without any magnification.


Q: WHICH DIAMOND CUT IS THE MOST EXPENSIVE?


A: Not only is a round cut diamond the most expensive diamond shape to manufacture, but it's also the most in-demand stone shape out of all the different diamond cuts. Nearly 75% of all diamonds sold worldwide are round-cut diamonds.


Q: WHICH OF THE 4C'S IS MOST IMPORTANT?


A: The cut of a diamond is the most essential out of the 4c of diamonds. Color, clarity, and carat weight are next in importance.


Q: WHAT DOES CLARITY-ENHANCED DIAMONDS MEAN?


A. A clarity-enhanced diamond undergoes enhancement through various diamond treatments such as laser drilling and fracture filling to remove unsightly flaws, surface blemishes, and inclusions from high inclusion diamonds.


You may think of a clarity-enhanced diamond as undergoing a "cosmetic surgery" technique on heavy inclusions to disguise or minimize its diamond flaws.


Q: ARE ENHANCED DIAMONDS REAL?


A: Yes, enhanced diamonds are real. Enhanced diamonds are similar to earth-mined diamonds in that they are made of pure carbon and are extremely hard. Still, they differ in that they have undergone enhancements to improve their clarity, color, and overall appearance.


While some people may think that enhanced diamonds are not "real" diamonds, they are, in fact, real diamonds that have just been improved upon.


Q: ARE CLARITY-ENHANCED DIAMONDS GOOD?


A: Clarity-enhanced diamonds are cost-effective when purchasing greater carat weights without breaking the bank.


All diamonds that have any treatments or enhancements, like clarity-enhanced diamonds, should be disclosed and sold as treated diamonds. Jewelers cannot falsely represent a diamond stone as natural if it undergoes any diamond enhancements such as clarity or color treatments.


Q: WHAT IS A FACETED DIAMOND?


A: Diamonds have numerous facets on their surfaces, and the angles of the cuts control how exquisite the light performance is, a.k.a; how much light penetrates or exits the stone. A diamond has three components: the crown on top, the girdle, which holds the gem set in place, and the pavilion, which houses the diamond culet. The most popular diamond cut has 58 facets, with the pavilion and crown having the most significant impact on the light show we observe when examining a diamond.


Q: WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF DIAMOND FACETS?


A: The table facet, star facets, main facets, and break facets make up the crown of a diamond.


Q: WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT DIAMOND COLORS?


A: Naturally occurring diamond colors include gray, white, blue, yellow, orange, red, green, olive, pink, purple, brown, and black.


Q: WHICH DIAMOND COLOR IS BEST?


A: The D grade is the purest diamond color grade a stone can have, and it may reasonably be called the "best color" for a diamond.


Q: WHAT DOES COLORLESS DIAMOND MEAN?


A: Diamonds without a light yellow or brown tint caused by boron and nitrogen are colorless diamonds. The less yellowish colorless diamonds are, the more valuable they are. This is because diamonds with little color concentration give off the illusion of being very bright and sparkly.


Q: WHICH DIAMOND IS THE RAREST DIAMOND?


A: Yellow is the most common fancy diamond color, and red is the rarest diamond color out of all fancy colored diamonds. Fancy-colored diamonds account for less than 0.1% of the total diamonds mined worldwide. These colored gems are the rarest diamonds. There are certain hues among fancy colored diamonds that are so rare that they are sold before reaching the processing facility.


Red is the rarest diamond color. Pure red diamonds do not exist and, to date, have not been discovered. Red diamonds (the rarest diamonds) range from fancy purplish-red or brownish-red. When combined with superior 3C components, their crimson color makes them priceless.


Q: ARE COLORED DIAMONDS NATURAL OR MANMADE?


A: Yes, colored diamonds are naturally occurring minerals with several color combinations and intensities.


However, lab-made colored diamonds also exist. Lab-made colored diamonds cost less than their natural counterparts.


Q: WHAT ARE COLORED DIAMONDS?


A: When viewed face-up, diamonds with a significant body color are known as colored diamonds. The most prevalent colors in natural colored diamonds are brown and yellow. Diamonds with natural body colors of pink, blue, orange, green, red, or violet are scarce.


Only a few diamonds out of 100,000 will have one of these ultra-rare hues. The color's intensity can range from "very light" to "vivid."


Q: ARE COLORED DIAMONDS MORE EXPENSIVE THAN CLEAR?

A: Colored diamonds are more valuable than white diamonds, but the difference varies greatly depending on the particular color.


Q: WHAT ARE YELLOW DIAMONDS WORTH?


A: When buying colored diamonds, it is important to know that fancy yellow diamonds, a.k.a canary diamonds are more expensive than white diamonds. However, they are frequently less costly than other rare fancy colored diamonds. This diamond valuation is because canary diamonds are yellow, and this is the most common diamond color among rare fancy colored diamonds.


Q: IS CUT OR CLARITY MORE IMPORTANT IN A DIAMOND?


A: The diamond shape determines the overall look of a diamond. A poorly cut diamond stone can't benefit from a good grade on the diamond clarity scale; nevertheless, an excellent cut diamond may have a lower color (G-H) or clarity (SI1-SI2) and yet appear stunning due to its superior capacity to generate sparkle and fire.


Q: IS DIAMOND CLARITY OR COLOR MORE IMPORTANT?


A: Both clarity and color affect how a diamond appears, so if you're looking for a diamond, you should pay attention to both.


Our recommendation is to start with cut quality out of the four Cs. After limiting your search to ideal or excellent cut diamonds, you can move on to clarity by determining which diamonds have an eye-clean diamond grade.


You may concentrate on color when you've identified the ideal clarity grade. Put as much of your budget as possible toward the carat weight once you've found a color grade that seems colorless in proportion to the setting type.


Both color and clarity have a significant impact on how a diamond will appear. For example, a diamond with a low clarity grade could appear cloudy, with imperfections and inclusions clearly evident. 


Q: WHAT ARE DIAMOND INCLUSIONS?


A: Diamond inclusions are due to the high pressure and high-temperature environment deep within the Earth's mantle. Various clarity features occur in and on diamond crystals under these circumstances.
Few crystals do not have any external or internal diamond flaws, and these flawless diamonds have an F clarity grade.


Lab-created diamonds also have inclusions, but instead of being made of mineral crystals, these impure diamonds have metallic inclusions. These flaws are how jewelers can tell lab-grown from earth-mined diamonds.


Q: WHAT DO INCLUSIONS IN DIAMONDS LOOK LIKE?


A: Depending on the type of mineral crystals they are, they are sometimes colorless (this is when a diamond stone embeds itself within another diamond), black (carbon), reddish (garnets), greenish (peridots), etc. Colored crystal inclusions are considerably more apparent to the naked eye, and impure diamonds are generally undesirable since they are so apparent.


Q: WHAT DOES AN EYE-CLEAN DIAMOND MEAN?


A: An eye-clean diamond means a stone lacking diamond impurities or surface blemishes visible to the naked eye.


Q: DO DIAMONDS GET CLOUDY?



A: Yes, diamonds get cloudy. They usually are perfectly transparent, brilliant, and sparkly, but sometimes we see cloudy diamonds that look hazy, or dull.


The diamond's transparency could be the issue, and various factors might cause it. For example, a diamond will leak light and appear duller and less fiery than it should if the stone is not perfectly sliced. Also, strong fluorescence may cause hazy or greasy diamonds. An unclean diamond may also become milky due to its facets' buildup of film and grime.


Q: IS A CLOUDY DIAMOND REAL?


Yes, a cloudy diamond is real, but it is not as valuable as a clear diamond. Cloudy diamonds are more common and typically have less value than their clear counterparts.


Q: CAN A DIAMOND GET SCRATCHED?

A: Is it possible to scratch a diamond? The quick answer is yes. You can scratch a diamond, but it is not as easy to scratch as other gemstones.


The softer a mineral is, the easier it will scratch. Diamonds are the hardest known natural minerals on the planet. Diamonds rank a 10 on the Mohs hardness scale; all other types of natural minerals rank a 9 or less on the hardness scale.


It's impossible for anything with a hardness lower than a diamond to scratch a diamond. That means that only a diamond can scratch another diamond stone.


Q: WHAT ARE CRUSHED DIAMONDS?


A: Crushed diamonds look exactly how they sound and appear broken or like crushed ice.
Are they fragmented diamonds? Not at all! They're 100% real, genuine diamonds cut to look like crushed ice.


Q: WHAT IS A DIAMOND POINT?

A: A diamond point, also known as a diamond pointer, is a tiny point made from a diamond.

One diamond carat is equal to 200 milligrams, or 0.2 grams. One diamond point is equal to 1/100th of a carat. So, one diamond pointer equals 2 milligrams or 0.002 grams.


Q: WHAT IS A DIAMOND CHIP?


A: A diamond chip is a small piece of a diamond that does not contain facets. Diamond chips are tiny (less than 0.2 carats) and frequently surround a larger center diamond as an accent stone. Since diamond chips are not polished, their surface is not smooth but is rough to the touch.


Q: WHAT IS A LAB-GROWN DIAMOND?

A: Lab-grown diamonds, often known as lab-created diamonds, take place in laboratories using cutting-edge technology to replicate the conditions under which diamonds naturally develop when they form in the mantle beneath the Earth's crust. Cultivated diamonds consist of carbon atoms arranged in a distinctive diamond crystal structure. Because they consist of the same stuff as genuine diamonds, they have identical optical and chemical properties.


Q: CAN A JEWELER TELL IF A DIAMOND IS LAB-CREATED?


A: Lab-grown diamonds have the same physical characteristics as true-grown diamonds, and your jeweler most likely will be unable to tell the difference. If your jeweler subjects the cultivated diamonds to a diamond detector, they should appear natural. Hence, sending these artificial crystals to a laboratory for testing with advanced equipment is best.


Q: ARE LAB DIAMONDS VALUABLE?

A: Like natural diamonds, lab-grown diamonds' prices vary according to the Four Cs: color, cut, clarity, and carat. They are, on average, costly. Lab diamond prices are usually about 30-40% less expensive than naturally occurring diamonds. The cost difference is even larger for larger carat weights and fancy diamonds.


Regarding lab diamond prices, carat weight is an important factor. Although color and clarity can vary during lab production, synthetic diamonds typically have fewer imperfections than mined diamonds.


Q: IS A SYNTHETIC DIAMOND THE SAME THING AS A LAB-GROWN DIAMOND?


A: Laboratory-grown diamonds are also called lab-created diamonds, grown diamonds, synthetic diamonds, man-made diamonds, cultivated diamonds, manufactured diamonds, or cultured diamonds.


Q: ARE ALL LAB DIAMONDS FLAWLESS?


A: No, because man-made diamonds are grown by recreating the conditions of nature. Lab-grown diamonds have the same variations of color and clarity that exist in natural diamonds (the 4c of diamonds).


Q: DO LAB-CREATED DIAMONDS GET CLOUDY?


A: A: Lab-grown diamonds have the same qualities as mined diamonds. If these manufactured diamonds fade, it will be for the same reason that mined diamonds do. Although laboratory-grown diamonds may fade, this is only if the diamond's quality is low.


Q: DO LAB DIAMONDS PASS THE DIAMOND TESTER?


A: Yes, they do! Lab-grown diamonds are physically and chemically identical to mined diamonds so they will pass the diamond tester every time. So rest assured, your lab-grown diamond is just as sparkly and valuable as any other diamond out there.


Q: HOW TO CLEAN A LAB DIAMOND?


A: There are a few different ways to clean your lab diamonds, but the most effective is using a mixture of mild soap and warm water. Simply mix a small amount of liquid soap with some warm water in a bowl, and then use a soft cloth to gently scrub your diamonds. You can also use a soft-bristle toothbrush to reach any difficult-to-reach areas.


Once you've given your diamonds a good cleaning, rinse them off with some clean water and dry them with a soft, cotton cloth.


Q: WHAT IS A COMPOSITE DIAMOND?


A: Composite diamonds are tiny diamonds carefully placed together to create a larger-looking diamond. Their setting makes them look like one stone or combined in a design to enhance their attractiveness or glimmer.


Q: IS A COMPOSITE DIAMOND A REAL DIAMOND?


A: Yes, composite diamonds are not faux diamonds. Composite diamonds are tiny diamonds that are carefully stacked together to make a more impressive-looking larger stone.


Q: WHICH SETTING MAKES A DIAMOND APPEAR BIGGER?


A: In a pavé setting, many pavé crystals as small as 0.20 carats line up in tapered holes on a metal panel close to the melee stones next to them. A pavé setting makes the band appear as a continuous series of pavé crystals, making the center stone look more prominent.


Q: CAN A DIAMOND TURN YELLOW?


A: Many diamonds appear yellow when they are first mined, but that is because of the presence of impurities. Once these impurities are removed during the diamond-cutting process, the diamonds will often lose their yellow hue and become colorless or white. However, some diamonds may retain a yellowish tinge even after cutting and polishing. This is because of the way light interacts with the diamond's carbon atoms. When white light shines on a diamond, some of the light waves bounce off the surface while others pass through the diamond and reflect light from its underside. 


The waves that pass through the diamond scatter in different directions, and this dispersion creates a colorful effect known as "fire." The fire is usually displayed as red, blue, and green flashes, but it can also produce a yellowish tinge. So, while most diamonds will lose their yellow color after being cut and polished, some may retain a slight yellowish tinge due to the dispersion of light.


Q: WHAT ARE SALT & PEPPER DIAMONDS?


A: Salt & pepper diamonds are cloudy diamonds with black and white inclusions, giving them a distinctive speckled appearance. These types of cloudy diamonds are not flawless, but they are still beautiful in their own way.


Q: DO BLACK DIAMONDS SPARKLE?


A: No, black diamonds do not typically sparkle as much as other diamonds due to their low refractive index. However, they can still have a beautiful shine when cut and polished properly. If you are looking for a diamond with maximum sparkle, you may want to consider a white diamond instead.


Q: WHAT ARE THE 5C'S FOR DIAMONDS?


A: The 5c's for diamonds are carat, color, clarity, cut, and certificate. Carat is a unit of measure used to describe a diamond's weight. Color is a measure of the diamond's hue. Clarity is a measure of the number and size of the inclusions in a diamond. Cut is a measure of the diamond's proportions and symmetry. The certificate is a document that provides information about the diamond's 4c's.


The 5 c's of diamonds and different from the 4 c's of diamonds, which are carat weight, color, clarity, and cut because the fifth c is the certificate. The 5c's of diamonds stand for carat weight, clarity, color, cut, and certificate.


Q: HOW DO YOU KNOW IF DIAMONDS ARE REAL?


A: The best way to tell if a diamond is real is to have it examined by a qualified jeweler. However, there are also some at-home tests that you can do to determine if a diamond is real or not. One such test is the scratch test. To do this test, take a piece of glass and try to scratch the diamond with it. If the diamond scratches the glass, it is most likely a real diamond. However, if the glass scratches the diamond, it is most likely a fake diamond.


Q: DO MOISSANITE RINGS TEST AS DIAMONDS? 


A: The short answer is yes, moissanite rings will test as diamonds. The long answer is...


A skilled expert can typically recognize moissanite rings by their distinctive fire. However, some specialized gemological equipment will be required to fully distinguish between a moissanite and a diamond, as this is not an exact science. A diamond tester can be useful here. To determine a gemstone's heat conductivity, use a diamond tester. You can utilize this distinguishing characteristic to separate diamonds from other gemstones or imitation diamonds because diamonds are renowned for being great heat conductors. The tester can determine whether a stone is a diamond or not by watching how heat flows through it.


However, this method is not particularly useful when distinguishing between diamond and moissanite. In contrast to imitation diamonds and other gemstones, moissanite is a good heat conductor. Because of this, moissanite will pass muster when used with a diamond tester that looks for thermal conductivity. Basic diamond testers normally only measure thermal conductivity, so while they will be able to distinguish your diamond or moissanite from other stones, they usually won't be able to detect the minor conductivity difference between moissanite and diamonds. Therefore, basic diamond testers are a useful tool for jewelers and gemologists, but their accuracy cannot be totally relied upon.


Q: ARE DIAMOND TESTERS ACCURATE?


A: One of the most reliable methods to verify a diamond's authenticity is by using a diamond tester. However, you should be aware that a diamond detector using thermal conductivity may mistake a moissanite for a diamond since these two minerals have a similar manner of heat transmission.


Q: ARE DIAMONDS WORTH MORE THAN GOLD?


A: Gold & diamonds are both very expensive. Which is more expensive is a difficult question to answer. It depends on several factors, including the quality of the diamond, the current market conditions, and personal preferences. In general, however, diamonds are considered more valuable than gold.


In general, diamonds are worth 1,875 times more than gold and 18,750 times more than silver.


Q: HOW TO CLEAN A RING WITH DIAMONDS?


A: To clean a ring with diamonds:


  1. Mix one-part dish soap with three parts warm water.
  2. Submerge the ring in the mixture and let it soak for 15 minutes.
  3. Use a soft-bristled brush to scrub the ring clean.
  4. Rinse the ring off with warm water and dry it with a soft cloth.


WRAPPING UP


We hope this guide will help you in purchasing the best diamond possible. If you have any questions about the diamond buying experience that we did not answer here, please feel free to contact us.