Ruby Gemstone

Ruby is the July birthstone – and it’s one of the most coveted of gems.  Let's explore some fun facts about this red-hot gem.

  • Ruby gems are known for their beautiful ruby red color. In fact, “ruby” is derived from the Latin rubeus, which means “red.”
  • Ruby stones are available in a variety of shades from purplish and bluish red to orange-red.
  • Colorless rubies are translucent, extremely valuable and rare.
  • The July birthstone corresponds to the zodiac signs for this month: Cancer and Leo.
  • Symbolically, the ruby red gem stands for love and passion.
  • Rubies are gifts for milestone anniversaries including the 15th and 40th anniversaries.
  • What is the best cut for a ruby crystal? Brilliant cuts, such as round, pear or princess, intensify the lightness and brilliance of ruby stones. Step cuts, like emerald and Asscher, and cuts with large facets like the old cushion cut, optimize the color and sometimes the size of the stone.
  • On the Mohs scale, ruby rocks have a hardness of 9.0. Among the natural gems only moissanite and diamond are harder with diamond having a Mohs hardness of 10.0 and moissanite ranging between ruby rocks and diamonds in hardness.
  • The ruby gem, along with the related sapphire, are the second hardest natural gemstones, with only the diamond being harder.
  • Color of Ruby: Burmese rubies stand supreme. The brightest and most valuable color of ruby is often “a Burmese Ruby” — a rich, passionate, hot, full red color with a slight blue tint.
  • Value of Rubies: The ruby, birthstone for July, is among the most highly prized of gemstones. Large rubies are more challenging to find than large diamonds, emeralds and sapphires. As a result, the value of rubies increases with size more than any other stone.
  • Most fake rubies are less dense than real ones. Synthetic rubies are easily revealed by measuring their weight with that of a real ruby of an equal size – the fake rubies will often weigh less.
  • Ruby or Garnet: How to spot a ruby or garnet? Fake ruby gems are often dull: they are "light, but not bright." If the gem is more of a dark red, then there is a possibility that it is a garnet.
  • The most renowned rubies hail from places like Myanmar, the Himalayas and northern Vietnam.
  • Liberty Bell Ruby, found in East Africa in the 1950s, is the largest ruby stone in existence. The largest ruby weighs more than four pounds and carved in Liberty Bell form. It weighs more than four pounds and chiseled in the shape of the Liberty Bell.
  • Ruby crystals bestow health, wisdom, wealth and success in love, according to folklore.
  • The ruby birthstone's toughness means it can easily stand up to everyday wear. Like any gemstone, however, a ruby birthstone may chip as a result of blunt force. It is important to carefully safeguard your ruby jewelry.