Diamond Stone

Sparkling and brilliant, diamonds are one of the most desired gemstones on the planet. Here are some interesting facts about these dazzling stones...

  • Diamond is the birthstone for April.
  • The word diamond derives from the Greek word “adamas,” which means invincible or indestructible. Which makes sense because…
  • Diamonds are the hardest natural substance on Earth.
  • Natural Diamonds Really Are One In A Million. What does this mean? On average, 1 million units of mined rock yields just one part diamond. So for every one million pounds of diamond-bearing host rock (that’s a whopping 500,000 tons), miners expect to find just one pound of diamonds.
  • Your diamonds are probably billions of years old. The oldest diamonds ever discovered are over 4 billion years old, but most are closer to 1 billion to 3.3 billion years old. 
  • Almost 80% of all diamonds are sold In New York City. After the completion of the production process, about 80% of the world's diamonds find their way to NYC. Dealers sell (and resell) these diamonds at various places such as auctions.
  • Diamonds consist of a single element-almost 100% carbon. Under the intense heat and pressure far below the earth’s surface, the carbon atoms bond in a unique way that results in diamonds’ beautiful and rare crystalline structure.
  • Diamonds are virtually fireproof. It requires heating to 1292 degrees Fahrenheit. (The typical house fire reaches a temperature of approximately 1100 degrees).
  • While the U.S. produces almost no diamonds, America buys more than 40 percent of the world's premium gem diamonds – making it the world's largest market for diamonds.
  • The Cullinan diamond is the largest raw gem, found in 1905, coming in at 3,106 carats (ct.)!
  • There’s a place where you can dig your own diamonds. If you ever find yourself in Arkansas, consider heading for Murfreesboro. The town is home to Crater of Diamonds State Park, where it’s possible to search for and find your own diamond.
  • Carats describe the actual weight of a stone, not the size. Due to differences in density, some stones weigh more than others, so two stones can both be 1 carat but appear different sizes.
  • Blue and red are the rarest colored diamonds. Yellow and brown are the most common colored diamonds.
  • The setting of a diamond can influence its color's appearance. A setting of white gold or platinum will enhance the whiteness of a colorless stone. If the stone has a yellowish tint, a golden-yellow setting can help to mask the yellow tint, rendering the stone whiter.
  • Ancient Hindus used diamonds in the eyes of devotional statues, and believed that a diamond could protect its wearer from danger. The ancient Romans and Greeks believed that diamonds were tears shed by the gods or splinters of fallen stars and Romans claimed that Cupid tipped his arrows with diamonds (maybe the first connection of diamonds and romantic love).
  • The first known use of a diamond engagement ring occurred in 1477, when the Austrian Archduke Maxmillian gave Mary of Burgundy a golden ring with an M spelled out in diamonds.
  • Some ancient civilizations thought that during war, diamonds brought strength and bravery to the wearer and certain kings wore diamonds on their helmets when they marched into combat.