FUN FACTS ABOUT APRIL'S BIRTHSTONE: DIAMONDS

Diamond Stone

Sparkling diamonds are one of the most desired gemstones on the planet. Here are some interesting facts about these extremely irresistible
 stones...

  • Diamond is the birthstone for April.
  • The word diamond derives from the Greek word “adamas,” which means invincible or indestructible. Which makes sense because…
  •  April's birthstone, diamond with a hardness of 10 on the moh scale of hardness, is the world's hardest natural material.
  • Natural Diamonds Really Are One In A Million. What does this mean? On average, 1 million units of rock dug up in diamond mines yields just one part diamond. So for every one million pounds of diamond-bearing host rock (that’s a whopping 500,000 tons), workers in diamond mines expect to find just one pound of diamonds.
  • Your very cute diamonds are probably billions of years old. The oldest diamonds ever discovered are over 4 billion years old, but most are closer to 1 billion to 3.3 billion years old. 
  • Almost 80% of all diamond jewelry are sold In New York City. After the completion of the production process, about 80% of the world's diamonds find their way to NYC. Dealers sell (and resell) these diamonds at various places such as auctions.
  • Diamonds consist of a single element-almost 100% carbon. Under the intense heat and pressure far below the earth’s surface, the carbon atoms bond in a unique way that results in diamonds’ beautiful and rare crystalline structure.
  • More noticeable diamond flaws are inclusions of a mineral composite, creating a discoloration in the overall appearance. A diamond graded as 'no flaw' is uncommon and to find one on the market would be an even rarer find. Small diamond flaws in a diamond will rarely impact the value of the diamond.
  • Diamond jewels are virtually fireproof. It requires heating to 1292 degrees Fahrenheit. (The typical house fire reaches a temperature of approximately 1100 degrees).
  • While the U.S. produces almost no diamonds, America buys more than 40 percent of the world's premium gem diamonds – making it the world's largest market for diamonds.
  • The Cullinan diamond is the largest raw gem, found in 1905, coming in at 3,106 carats (ct.)!
  • There’s a place where you can find diamond jewels. If you ever find yourself in Arkansas, consider heading for Murfreesboro. The town is home to Crater of Diamonds State Park, where it’s possible to search for and find diamonds.
  • Carats describe the actual weight of a stone, not the size. Due to differences in density, some stones weigh more than others, so two stones can both be 1 carat but appear different sizes.
  • Color of diamonds(which determines the hue, tone, and saturation) is the most important ranking factor for colored diamonds, unlike clear diamonds, where cut is the most important trait.
  • Diamond types include two categories: round diamonds and diamonds with a fancy shape. The most conventional diamond shape is a round diamond, also called a round brilliant cut.

    Fancy shape diamonds apply to a variety of cuts such as princess, cushion, emerald, oval, pear, marquise, heart, asher, oval, trillion, etc.
  • Prices for a round, emerald, and princess shaped color diamonds are often higher because it is more difficult to display the color.
  • The color of diamonds: white, pink, orange, blue, green, black, yellow, brown, gray, violet, etc.  All extremely irresistible!
  • Colored diamonds are also known as fancy diamonds. Blue and red are the rarest fancy diamonds. In fact, real red diamonds are so rare that only a handful are known to exist. The carat price for real red diamonds is at least US $1 million per carat.
  • Fancy yellow diamonds, otherwise known as canary diamonds are the most common colored diamonds. Canary diamonds make up a whopping 60% of all colored diamonds. This makes the carat price for fancy yellow diamonds the most affordable.
  • Brown diamonds are the most common color found among natural diamonds. In mines, brown diamonds make up 15 percent of production.
  • The Golden Jubilee Diamond is a 545.67 carat brown diamond. Discovered in Premier mine, the Golden Jubilee Diamond is the largest cut and faceted diamond in the world.
  • Very cut natural black diamonds don't shine because of their high levels of inclusions. They don't shimmer by reflecting light like other diamonds. Instead, natural black diamonds absorb light and this gives them their fascinating marble-like surface.
  • The most popular diamond colors are super adorable pink diamonds. After JLo received a pink diamond engagement ring from Ben Affleck, pink diamonds went up in value!
  • With regards to rarity, certain diamond jewel combinations are extremely rare such as a pure deep/intense violet and a pure intense/vivid orange and sought after by collectors.
  • Super adorable violet diamonds are exceedingly unusual, they are arguably much rarer than purple diamonds and are rarely found in quantities greater than 1 carat. Violet diamonds are usually very small, commonly spanning 0.10 carat to approximately 0.30 carat.
  • Not all rare diamonds are expensive diamonds. Gray diamonds are rarer than yellow and blue variations of the stone. Grey diamonds' price is similar to common clear diamonds rather than rarer colored stones (like blue diamonds). Although, the supply of grey diamonds is low, the demand for this color is less pronounced.
  • The setting can influence a diamond color's appearance. A setting of white gold or platinum will enhance the whiteness of a clear diamond. If the stone has a yellowish tint, a golden-yellow setting can help to mask the yellow tint, rendering the stone whiter.
  • Ancient Hindus used diamonds in the eyes of devotional statues, and believed that a diamond could protect its wearer from danger. The ancient Romans and Greeks believed that diamonds were tears shed by the gods or splinters of fallen stars and Romans claimed that Cupid tipped his arrows with diamonds (maybe the first connection of diamonds and romantic love).
  • During the war, some ancient civilizations used diamonds to bring strength and bravery to the wearer and certain kings wore very big diamonds on their helmets when they marched into combat.
  • The first known use of a diamond engagement ring occurred in 1477, when the Austrian Archduke Maxmillian gave Mary of Burgundy a golden ring with an M spelled out in expensive diamonds.
  • The Elizabeth Taylor Diamond, formerly known as the Krupp Diamond, is a showy 33.19-carat big diamond purchased by Richard Burton for his wife, Elizabeth Taylor in 1968. The Elizabeth Taylor Diamond sold at auction at Christie’s NY for an astonishing sum of $8,818,500. 
  • On the first night of the sale for The Elizabeth Taylor Collection, the actress' showy jewelry sold for $115.9 million--a world record for a private jewelry collection sold at Christie's NY or any other auction.
  • Astrophysicists have located a diamond larger than Earth! The biggest diamond ever!

    The biggest diamond ever is a mass of crystallized carbon fifty light-years away that weighs 10 billion trillion carats! After its identification in 2004, astronomers dubbed it Lucy, after the Beatles song “Lucy in The Sky With Diamonds.” 
  • Dust, pollution, cosmetics and perfumes all conspire to cloud the brilliance of a precious stone and dull the surface of gold, gold vermeil and sterling silver. We suggest that you take the time to properly store and care for your precious diamond jewelry.

    First, make sure to store your diamond jewelry in airtight containers such as flat polypropylene bags or small ziplock bags. Ideally, every piece of jewelry belongs in its own flat polypropylene bag or a small ziplock bag. It would be best to find clear bags, so you can easily check up on the condition of your jewelry. Clear bags enable you to spot a problem with your gems like a crack in the stone at first glance without unnecessarily sullying your pieces with fingerprints.

    Lastly, store your sparkling diamond jewelry in a drawstring jewelry pouch to add an extra layer of security within your jewelry box. Store each piece of jewelry individually in an airtight container and then a soft, drawstring jewelry pouch to prevent the scratching of stones and metal. Finish by placing your precious jewelry in individual compartments within your jewelry box.